68000 Mac FAQ

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This file describes what works on 68000 macs like Plus, SE, Portable, Classic
and PowerBook 100. The file is formatted as setext so you may use Easy View to
browse it.


The version numbers and directories in the URLs may have changed so look around.
Use a local info-mac mirror, if possible:


The latest version of this file is available at:


Check also mac-internet-faq at:


Matti Haveri <mattiDOThaveriATsjokiDOTutaeiroskaaDOTfi> remove ei roskaa

68000 compatible software

Some apps and extensions that still work on 68000 macs. In parentheses notes and
RAM requirements. (Compatibility tested mainly on 4MB PB100 or Plus; System
7.0.1*). Note that also newer versions _might_ work.

System 7.0.1* leaves 3238K free memory on a 4MB PB100 (Extensions off, 32K Disk
Cache); additional MacTCP 2.0.6 and MacPPP 2.0.1 leave 3122K free memory; System
7.5.5 leaves 2917K free memory (Extensions off, 32K Disk Cache).

Acrobat Reader 1.0 (*.pdf viewer)
Anarchie 1.6.0 (ftp-client; newer versions don't work)
AOL 2.7
AppDisk 1.7.3 (RAM-disk)
ApplWindows 2.0.2 (hierarchical application-menu)
AppSizer 2.21 (modifies app's memory size upon launch; v2.3 crashes)
AutoDoubler 1.0
Basic Black 1.4.1 (minimal screensaver)
BBEdit 4.0.4 (a great text editor)
BBEdit Lite 4
BeHierarchic 1.0.5 (hierarchical apple-menu)
Black Night 1.0.5 (terminal emulator)
Canvas 3.5
Carpetbag 1.3 (keeps fonts, sounds and FKeys outside System file or folder)
CDIconKiller 1.4.1 (suppresses custom icons on CDs and speeds up Finder)
ChunkJoiner 2.1.2 (concatenates files)
ClarisDraw 1.0v3
ClarisWorks 3.0
CommentKeeper 1.0 (preserves Get Info-comments beyond desktop rebuild)
Compact Pro 1.50 (*.cpt and *.hqx coder, can also split big files)
Cricket Draw 1.1
Cricket Graph 1.3.1
Cricket Paint 1.0
DA Piggyback 1.5 (converts DAs into apps)
DeltaGraph 1.5
Desktop Mgr 2.0.1 (no desktop rebuilds when switching System 6<->7)
DeskWriter 3.1 (printer driver)
Disinfectant 3.7.1 (obsolete anti-virus utility)
Disk Charmer 3.0.8 (formats floppies in background etc)
Disk Copy 4.2 (handles *.image files)
Disk Copy 6.2 (handles *.image files; supports also NDIF format)
DropStuff w/EE 4.0 (a must-have addition to StuffIt Expander)
Dynodex 3.5
Easy View 2.62 (setext- and digest-browser)
Emailer 1.0 (email-client)
EndNote Plus 2.0 (bibliography manager)
Eudora Light 1.3.1 (email-client for System 6)
Eudora Light 1.5.5 (email-client)
Eudora Light 3.1.3 (email-client; more features but slower than v1.5.5)
Excalibur 2.3.1 (LaTeX, plain text and clipboard spelling checker)
Excel 4.0 (RAM 2048)
Extensions Manager 2.0
FaxSTF 2.6.1 (fax-utility)
FCRppp 1.6 (commercial PPP client)
Fetch 3.0.3 (ftp-client)
File Buddy 3.4.8 (handles file-types etc)
FileMaker Pro 3
FirstClass Client 3.1
Flash-It 3.0.2 (screen captures)
Folder Icon Cleaner 2.0.2 (deletes custom folder icons)
Forward Delete 1.1.4
FreeHand 3.1
FullWrite 2.0.6
GIFConverter 2.3.7 (opens GIFs, JPGs, TIFs, PICs; RAM 1500)
GIFwatcher DA 2.2.0 (opens GIFs)
GnuChessMac 4.0 (chess game)
GrafEq 2.04a (graphing program, v1.15 is less resource-demanding)
HyperCard 2.1
IC Type 1.1 (changes type/creator based on Internet Config's mappings)
ICTypeChanger 1.3.4 (changes type/creator based on IC's mappings)
Illustrator 1.9.5
Internet Config 2.0 (shares internet configs for many apps)
InterSLIP 1.0.1 (SLIP client)
Ircle 1.5.6 (irc-client)
JPEG Convert 1.0 (converts GIF, PNM, RLE, TARGA <-> JPG)
Kermit 0.99(188) (terminal emulator)
MacDraw II 1.1v2
MacGzip 1.1.3 (*.gz coder)
MacinTalk 1.31 (this is obsolete from 4/89; v2 also works)
MacinTalk 2 (from the PlainTalk/Text-to-Speech 1.4.1 package)
MacKnowledge (BBS; RAM 1060)
MacLink Plus 7.5
MacLynx 2.7.1b1 (text-only www-client)
MacMinix (UNIX-like system that runs as an app under MacOS)
MacPaint 2.0
MacPPP 2.0.1 (PPP client)
MacPPP 2.0.1cm4 (MacPPP 2.0.1 with enhancements like background dialing)
MacPPP 2.1.2SD (MacPPP 2.0.1 with some enhancements)
MacsBug 6.5.3 (debugger)
MacSLIP 3.0.3 (PPP and SLIP client)
MacSOUP 2.4 (off-line news-client; RAM 2500)
MacTCP 2.0.6
MacTCP Watcher 1.1.2 (ping crashes v2.0)
MacWeb 1.00A3.2 (www-client; v1.1.1 E crashes when saving prefs)
MacWeb 2.0 (more features than in v1.00A3.2 but also slower and buggier)
MacWrite II 1.1v1
MacWrite Pro 1.0v4
MacWWW 1.03 (Samba; crash-prone www-client)
MailConverter 2.2.4 (converts mail-like text files)
MaxFax 3.3.2
MenuChoice 2.0 (hierarchical apple-menu)
MIDex 1.2.2 (BBEdit extension; converts charsets like mac <-> ISO 8859-1)
MiniSubstitute 1.7.1 (Finder replacement on System 7 emergency diskettes)
MountImage 1.2b2 (mounts and creates .image files on System 6)
Natural Order 1.1 (extension; sorts numbers in list views correctly)
NCSA Mosaic 1.0.3 (www-client)
NCSA Telnet 2.7b4 (telnet-client; you may also try v2.6 for System 6)
Network Time 2.0.1 (timeserver client)
NewsWatcher 2.2.2 (news-client; v2.0d13m01 for System 6)
Nisus Compact 3.474c (free word processor)
Norton Utilities 3.2
PageMaker 4.0
Persuasion 2.0
Photoshop 1.0 (RAM 2048)
PowerPoint 2.01
PPP Floater 1.2 (shows connect time and provides a disconnect button)
Prince of Persia 1.0 (a game)
Printer Defaults 1.4.3 (stores custom printer driver defaults)
Public Folder 1.01 (allows also System 6 macs to be file-servers)
Quark Xpress 3.32 (min RAM 2000, runs on as low as 900)
RAM Charger 3.0.1 (apps run in less memory than they normally demand)
RamDisk+ 2.21 (application version of RAM disk)
RamDisk+ 3.21 (control panel version of RAM disk, also for System 7)
ResEdit 2.1.3 (resource editor)
SCSIProbe 4.3 (later versions require SCSI Manager 4.3)
ShrinkWrap 2.1 (handles *.image files; doesn't create them on a Plus)
Sound Mover 1.9 (plays various sound files including .*wav)
StatView SE+Graphics 1.03
StatWorks 1.1
StickyClick 1.2 (sticky mousedown � la Windows)
Strip fat 1.0a1 (unfattens apps)
StuffIt Deluxe 4.0
StuffIt Expander 4.0.1 (a must-have decoder; v4.5 & 5.1.2 crash)
StuffIt Lite 3.6 (crashes occasionally)
StyleWriter II 1.2 (faster driver for SW I and maybe also for SW 1500)
SuperClock 4.0.4 (menubar clock)
SuperPaint 3.0
System 7.5.5
System Picker 1.1a3 (switches active Systems on one disk)
Tex-Edit Plus 2.1 (text editor)
TextToMac 1.32 (converts end-of-line of text between mac, DOS and unix)
Thread Manager 2.0.1
Timbuktu Pro 1.0.3 (remote control via screen sharing)
TrueType 1.0 (TrueType INIT for Systems 6.0.5-6.0.8)
TTConverter 1.3 (converts TrueType fonts mac <-> win)
UULite 2.0 UR (uucoder)
uuUndo 1.0b5 (uudecoder)
Valuefax 2.0.9
Virex 5.0b (obsolete virus utility; v5.9.x requires 68020)
Vremya 1.6.5 (timeserver client)
WindowShade 1.2 (collapses windows � la System 8 and later)
Word 5.1a (RAM 2048)
WriteNow 4
Xlator 1.1 (converts eols and charsets of text)
YA-Base64 1.2.0 (base64 decoder; v1.2.9 crashes)
YA-NewsWatcher 2.0.3b0 (news-client; v2.3.4 crashes)
ZipIt 1.3.8 (*.zip coder; handles also segmented zip-files)
Zippy-Type 1.1 (freeware typing tutor; runs on System 7.1 or newer)
ZTerm 1.0.1 (terminal emulator)

System software

Q: Given enough memory, what is the best System for 68000 macs?

A: It really depends on what software you want to run and with what System it is

System 7.x needs at least (2.5-)4MB RAM. System 7.1 may be the stablest 7.x.
There is some stuff that needs 7.5, but little of it runs on a 68000 anyway. Of
course, 7.1 is not available for free like 7.0*, 7.0.1*, 7.5.3rev2 and 7.5.5
(which is the last System that runs on 68000 macs).

System 7.5.5 takes a little more memory (2917K vs 3238K free RAM on a 4MB PB100,
Extensions off, 32K Disk Cache) and somewhat more HD space than 7.0.1*.

Of Systems 7.0* vs 7.0.1*, it may be easiest to use 7.0.1* with HD floppy drives
and 7.0* with DD floppy drives (although you can always custom install from HD
floppies on another mac with HD floppy drive). The biggest gain in 7.0.1* was
updated math routines, but this speed gain was not available to the 68000
anyway. Still, 7.0.1 uses slightly less memory. Both systems *need* "Tune Up
1.1.1" installed - this is important both for better memory use and not loosing
files! You can confirm that the Tune-Up is installed by selecting About this
Macintosh from the Apple menu - the bullet (* or more properly �) after System
version means that the Tune-Up is active.

When it comes to speed, 6.x is always a lot faster than 7.x but then again, most
newer software need 7.x. System 6.0.5 is the first to support MacTCP 2.0.6,
MacPPP 2.0.1 and TrueType 1.0. Many prefer 6.0.5, but 6.0.7 or 6.0.8 can run a
few more things (Text to Speech, Sound Manger, AOL 2.7, some games and control
panels, for example).

System 6.0.7 may be the stablest 6.x and it uses System 6 printing software.
Actually, if you install the Style Writer (you can use a SW I or SW II with
System 6) you get updated to System 7 printing software anyway. System 6.0.8 is
otherwise identical to 6.0.7 but it comes with System 7 printing software which
saves time loading drivers back and forth if you are sharing a laser printer on
a network of both System 6 and 7 macs. If you use a laser printer on a System
6-only network (or a single mac) then it is faster to use System 6 printing
software that comes with 6.0.7 and earlier.

System 6.0.8L is a special version for Classic, Classic II, PowerBook 100, LC
and LC II (although also 6.0.5 seems to work on a PowerBook 100).

* The last freely distributed System 7.5.3rev2 (this file includes System 7.5
Update 2.0 and System 7.5.3 Revision 2) and the updater to System 7.5.5. System
7.5.3rev2 is available as 19 parts of self-mounting Disk Copy images. Download
all 19 parts to your hard drive and then double-click on the first part to mount
the compressed disk image on your desktop (this takes a while on a 68000 mac!).
Note that System 7.5.3 installer's self-mounting disk images require System
7.0.1 or later. If you are using a version of Mac OS prior to this, you can
download System 7.0.1's Disk Tools floppy or System 7.5 Network Access floppy
disk and boot your Macintosh from them to use this software (if your mac boots
from 7.0.1 or 7.5).




Q: How to make a System 7.5 emergency boot floppy?
A: Substitute the Finder in "Network Access" disk with MiniSubstitute's Finder
(68K version). Now there is also room for a harddrive formatter like Apple HD SC
Setup 7.3.5 and Disk First Aid 7.2.2 (launch them via File/Open...). To make a
System 7.5 anti-virus boot floppy, delete everything except System and
MiniSubstitute's Finder to make room for Disinfectant 3.7.1 (Disinfectant 3.7.1
is obsolete, but nevertheless the last anti-virus utility for 68000 macs).






* System 7.0* (DD floppies) and 7.0.1*; remember to also get the 7.0.x tune-up
because it prevents data corruption! (Note that although the DD floppy version's
"Install 1" floppy boots with 7.0, the "Disk Tools" floppy boots with 6.0.7).


It is possible to squeeze System 7.0 on a 800K floppy if nonessential resources
are deleted:


* Systems 6.0.3-6.0.8:


TrueType INIT and TT-compatible Font/DA Mover for Systems 6.0.5-6.0.8 (6.0.5 is
enough although 6.0.7 is the first officially supported System). Note that if
the fonts or DAs are "naked", i.e. outside their suitcases Font/DA Mover sees
them if Option is pressed while Open... is clicked.



System 6.0.8L is a special version for Classic, Classic II, PowerBook 100, LC
and LC II. Note that after you have created floppies from these disk images with
Disk Copy 6.x, you have to delete "6.0.8L " from both floppies' names in order
to get the Installer script to recognize them.


* Systems 0.1-5.1:


* Systems 1-7:


* List of MacOS download sites:


* 68k mac System matrix:


* 68k mac System memory requirements:


* System files are often stored as *.image files which can be opened and
transferred to floppies with Disk Copy 4.2 or v6.x or ShrinkWrap:




* If you don't yet have a bootable mac disk but instead have a working (!) PC,
you can make a bootable System 7.5 or 6.0.8 mac 1.4MB floppy on a PC: Decode and
expand Network Access Disk 7.5 or System 6.0.8 image with Aladdin Expander-win
and write it to a HD floppy using WinImage - this disk boots a
SuperDrive-equipped mac if it supports System 7.5 or 6.0.8. (WinImage doesn't
seem to support self mounting image files (.smi), only "plain" Disk Copy 4.2
format images so this trick doesn't work with all System files on the net).





* Q: How to upgrade from System 6 to System 7 if I don't _already_ have System
7.0.1* boot disks?

A: You can download System 7.0*, 7.0.1* and 7.5.5 from Apple. However, Apple
sites now store these as .smi images that can't be opened in System 6 (or 7.0)!
It was not a smart move from Apple to transfer these System 7.0.* images from
System 6-compatible Disk Copy 4.2 format to .smi which requires System 7.0.1...
But wait, there is a solution:

1. If possible, use another mac running System 7.0.1 and up to decode .smi
images to System 6-compatible Disk Copy 4.2 format (and write the disk images
back to floppies).

If using a lone System 6 mac:

2. Download System 7.0* or 7.0.1* from other sites that have them in Disk Copy
4.2 format.

List of MacOS download sites:


List of boot disk download sites:


3. Get System 7.0.1 squeezed on 800K floppy and decode System 7.0 or 7.0.1 .smi
files running it (big finder version for the Plus and the SE, the mini-finder
versions can't mount disk images):


* If you want to have multiple System Folders on one disk, use System Picker to
select the "blessed" System which boots the mac. Note that if you boot into
System 7 after using previous Systems, the Desktop file is always rebuilt unless
"Desktop Mgr" is installed in pre-7 Systems (Desktop Mgr was part of AppleShare
2.0.1 and Oscar).


* Be aware that if you put an unlocked System 6.x disk (the same apparently
applies to pre-6 Systems also) to a mac running System 8.x, this "unblesses" the
System 6.x disk making it unbootable. You can rebless it by booting to System
6.x or 7.x and opening & closing the unblessed System Folder - the blessed
System Folder should now have the System icon on it. ...so have at least two
_locked_ bootable System disks or .image files in a safe place!

* Q: How to add keyboard layouts?
A: Info-mac has some localized keyboard layouts. With System 6, open the System
file and the KCHR resource within it with ResEdit. Open the keyboard layout you
want to add and the KCHR resource within it as another window. Copy and paste
the KCHR layout to the System file's KCHR resource list and save changes. Select
the layout from the Keyboard Control Panel. With System 7 and up you can just
drag 'n drop the layout on top of the System Folder.


* Note that the Plus and some older SE's don't have a SuperDrive (i.e. 1.44MB HD
floppy drive) so you can only use 800K DD floppies on them (you can't use
PC-formatted floppies with these old macs).
Tip 1: ShrinkWrap and Disk Copy 6.x allow you to mount .image files as virtual
disks on your desktop; this enables macs without SuperDrives to access virtual
HD floppies and install software from them (you can transfer the disk image to
the mac via network, compressed and split on multiple DD floppies etc). If you
have PC Exchange installed, you can also mount PC-formatted images this way!
Tip 2: You can make a boot-up floppy including AppleShare and connect to
AppleTalk network; this allows CD-ROMless macs to install system software from
another mac's CD-ROM drive etc.



If you are using System 6 you can mount and create disk images with Steve
Christensen's MountImage 1.2b2. Unfortunately, MountImage has a serious bug that
can cause data corruption if the original image file is split into more than
three fragments when stored on disk. In this case, MountImage can lose track of
some data fragments, blindly reading and writing to blocks that may not belong
to the image file, which can overwrite and damage other files on your drive. Use
of MountImage is _highly_ discouraged, even by Steve. So with System 7.0.1 and
up use Disk Copy 6.x or ShrinkWrap.


 ...QueComp (tel: 612-623-0903) should have out-of-business Applied Engineering
AEHD+ Drives for $99 (you may find one cheaper from flea markets or user
groups). Resurrect your old Plus or SE that does not have a SuperDrive without
having to replace the board in the computer (impossible on the Plus; expensive
on the SE). AE made three external floppy disk drives for Macintosh and Apple II
computers: 1. AEHD+ Drive - SuperDrive Compatibility for the Mac Plus, SE and
II. 2. AEHD 3.5" Drive - 1.44MB Drive for SuperDrive Equipped Macs. 3. AE 3.5"
800K Drive - 800K Drive for Macintosh and Apple II Computers.
The AE HD+ can read/write/format 1.4MB floppies on 800K floppy based compact
Macs. The Mac II requires an optional (not included) AE floppy interface to use
the AE HD+, since the Mac II case does not have a built-in external floppy
connector. A major drawback is that the AE HD+ cannot be the startup disk drive;
not as a 1.4MB floppy and not even as a 800K floppy. The other drawback is that
you've got to have the AEHD+ extension (takes 32K on disk) to use the drive even
as a 800K floppy drive (i.e. you must startup off another drive that contains
the AEHD+ extension). AEHD+ extension is compatible at least with System 6.0.7
and 7.5.5.

There also used to be Drive 2.4 from Kennect Technology that plugged into the
floppy port of a MacPlus and allowed it to use 1.4MB disks. It could also format
them to a proprietary 2.4MB size.


<http://www.worldlink.com.au/webs/appleserv/apple.II.html> AE homepage
<mailto:applserv@mars.nettrek.net.au> AE email

Q: How can I get System from HD floppies to a DD-only mac like the Plus?
A1: Attach the Plus' external hard drive to another mac which has a HD floppy
drive. Boot the other mac - the external HD should appear on the desktop. Do a
_custom_ install of the desired System from the HD floppies (i.e. install it for
the Plus) on the external HD. Reattach the external HD onto your Plus. (Shutdown
the macs when connecting the SCSI-cables).
A2: Transfer the HD disk images to the Plus' harddisk via network, compressed
and split on multiple DD floppies etc. Boot with a System 6 or 7 floppy (see
above for a source for System 7.0.1 squeezed on a 800K floppy). Mount the HD
System disk images with Mount Image 1.2b2 (System 6) or Shrink Wrap (System 7)
and install the System from them.

Q: How can I download files via a PC to a Plus or an older SE which don't have a
A1: The easiest solution is to download via a PC, put the files on a
PC-formatted floppy, copy the files to a newer Mac's hard disk and then to a DD
floppy that the Plus/SE can read. Get also StuffIt Expander 4.0.1 as you need it
to decode the files (don't decode them on a PC!). It is best to use DD floppies
on the Plus because HD floppies re-formatted as DD are not reliable. (If you put
a DD formatted HD floppy in a SuperDrive you must cover the second hole to fool
the SuperDrive into recognizing it as DD, otherwise it will assume it is an
unformatted HD floppy).
A2: Use an Iomega Zip drive or other removable media.
A3: If the Plus/SE is connected to the net it is also possible to email the
files as attachments or transfer them via ftp, zmodem etc.
A4: Get a Mac to PC null-modem cable, connect the serial ports and transfer
files using terminal programs. It is also possible to directly connect two
modems (thus bypassing the telephone company).

About MacPlus harddrives:
* MacPlus does not supply internal termination, so the SCSI chain (even one
external HD) has to be terminated at beginning and end; i.e.
* For best performance reformat the drive to 1:3 interleave if you mainly use it
on a Plus.
* Note that some SCSI drivers like APS Power Tools 2.8.2 (formerly "Alliance
Power Tools") don't always work on a Plus: As shipped, the SCSI Manager 4.3
compliant driver will not permit the drive to be booted on a Plus because the
driver is too large to load into the Plus's memory (causing a freeze early in
the startup process). APT 2.8.2 automatically senses the environment in which it
is running. If it finds that it is running on a Mac Plus, it will install
version 5.3 of the NS-SCSI driver, which is fully compatible with the Mac Plus
and other Mac models; version 5.3, however, does NOT support SCSI Manager 4.3.
If APT 2.8.2 finds itself running on a Macintosh other than the Plus, it will
assume that the SCSI Manager 4.3 compliant driver is to be installed on the
target drive. APT 2.8.2 can also "retrograde" your hard drive by installing the
APT driver version 5.3 and reconfiguring the driver partition, all without
reformatting the drive.
* If you use a Zip drive as a boot drive on a Plus you will need v4.2 Zip
drivers. Make sure that other Zip drives don't update the drivers automatically.
* Apple's HD utility needs a hack to recognize non-Apple labeled harddrives (use
this at your own risk):
* List of harddrive formatter sites:

Old mac drivers:

Q: How to zap PRAM?
A1: On System 6: Hold down Option-Command-Shift and select Control Panels from
the Apple menu. On System 7 and better: Boot with Option-Command-P-R-keys
pressed down until the mac beeps two times.
A2: If you are running a Mac Plus, 512KE, 512 or original 128, the only way of
erasing the PRAM is to remove the battery that maintains said data. The battery
is found behind a relatively easy to open door on the back of the machine. You
have to keep the battery removed for about an hour to guarantee the PRAM
contents are lost, because a capacitor on the logic board which actually
maintains power to the PRAM of these early machines takes at least a little
while to drain free of charge.

Tips using AppleTalk between macs:
* AppleTalk is built-in so you may not need to buy anything to get things
running via LocalTalk. Install System 7.0* or better from the installer disks
making sure you also check the FileSharing option. Then you can mount shared
volumes and folders between macs connected via a LocalTalk cable or a cheaper
and better Farallon PhoneNet cable. Also a simple ImageWriter cable does just
fine although you can connect only two macs using it. (EtherTalk is just a
driver which allows AppleTalk protocol to be transported by Ethernet).
* Macs using System 6 can access shared items on newer Systems but if you want
to make them file-servers you have to buy AppleShare server software.
* Public Folder 1.01 allows also System 6 macs to be one-way file-servers:


minimum requirements for the net

MacPlus, (2.5-)4MB RAM, 20MB harddisk, (2400-)14400 modem, System 7.0* and
MacTCP 2.0.6 are the practical minimum requirements for PPP connections. Only
MacPPP 2.0.1, v2.0.1cm4, v2.1.1SD and v2.1.2SD, MacSLIP 3.0.3, InterSLIP 1.0.1
and FCRppp 1.6 currently work on 68000 macs.

You need MacTCP for TCP-connections like direct ethernet or PPP- and
SLIP-connection via modem. MacTCP is included in System 7.5 and above. Apple
dealers sell MacTCP but also "The Internet Starter Kit for Macintosh" (Adam
Engst, Hayden Books) book includes it, among other utilities. When installing
MacTCP, turn AppleTalk ON (Leaving it OFF seems to provoke a crash when saving
MacTCP prefs for the first time. With some Systems you may have to reboot to
make AppleTalk active) - to save memory, AppleTalk can be turned OFF after the
settings are stored.


MacTCP can also be found on the net:

MacTCP 2.0.4:

MacTCP 2.0.6 and some developer stuff:

MacTCP 2.0.x to 2.0.6 updaters:

MacPPP 2.0.1, v2.0.1cm4, v2.1.1SD and v2.1.2SD:

MacPPP 2.1.2SD is recommended as a first choice for System 7.x 68000 macs.
MacPPP 2.0.1cm4, v2.1.1SD and v2.1.2SD are enhanced versions of MacPPP 2.0.1;
v2.0.1cm4 enables background dialing, for instance - MacPPP 2.1.2SD has
enhancements like: fixes problem with Config PPP not being able to access it's
prefs file if the Finder closed the control panel on a low memory error,
terminal window is larger and scrolling of text off the top is a little cleaner,
shows the 115K and 230K rates in the Port Speed popup (and has 4800 as a slowest
port speed vs 1200 on v2.0.1). (Note that MacPPP 2.0.1 variations fail to redraw
the PPP "up" symbols on screen (after the 1st connection; no reboot between
connections) unless you cover and uncover them with other windows). If the
"Open" button is grayed out in MacPPP make sure that PPP is selected in MacTCP.
Note that there is a memory related bug in MacPPP 2.0.1: If applications have
used all available memory, Config PPP is forced to close with an error message
like: "The control panel "Config PPP" cannot be used now, because not enough
memory is available." It is not possible to reopen the control panel because
there is a message: "Config PPP Error! Opening Preferences". This prevents one
from properly closing the internet connection.

Commercial MacSLIP supports SLIP and PPP (requires at least System 6.0.7):


InterSLIP 1.0.1:


LinkUPPP! (formerly FCRppp) supports PPP and SLIP. Commercial FCRppp 1.6 should
work on 68000 macs (v1.1r1 doesn't work on a PB100):


Q: Do all modems work with 68000 macs?
A: For external (>9600) modems you need a mac hardware handshake cable. It
connects the DB25 connector on the modem to the mac's 8 pin modem port
connector. Some modems like Global Village Bronze get their power through the
ADB port which the Plus, 128K, 512K and 512Ke lack. There are some modems that
require a power pin, not available on a Plus. There are also some limitations
such as the the Plus not having incoming flow control. This limits the speed you
can set the serial port before you have a lot of overruns. Some included
software may also not work on 68000 macs eventhough the modem may otherwise be
 > Mike Friese: I have successfully interfaced a Global Village Teleport Bronze
II modem to a Mac Plus. I made a special keyboard cable that tapped the +5 volt
power from the Plus keyboard cable to a ADB connector (sold as a S-video
connector at Radio Shack.)
-Remove the keyboard cable from the Plus.
-Looking from the cord end of one of these connectors you will see the four
wires, yellow, green, red, black. Here's how the connector looks when viewed
from the cord end (use non-proportional font):
      |   |
  ____|   |____
 |             |
 | Yl Gn Rd Bk |
 |             |
-Cut the outer insulating jacket about one inch from one of the two connectors.
-Cut insulation from the yellow and black wires. Solder a two foot long red wire
to the keyboard cable's yellow wire. Solder a two foot long black wire to the
keyboard cable's black wire.
-Get a female mini-din (S-video) connector. Viewing from the solder end, you'll
notice the pins arranged in a trapezoid pattern.
  o  o
 o    o      (solder end view)
-Solder the red wire to the upper left pin. Solder the black wire to the upper
right pin
  r  b
 o    o      (solder end view)
-Insulate all your splices.
-Plug the keyboard cable in with the splices closest to the Mac Plus system
-Plug the Bronze II into the modem port and the other modem cable into the
s-video cable. You now have a snazzy-looking 2400 baud modem attached to your
Plus. But wait. There's more!
-The fax software bundled with the Performa will work with the Plus, but the hot
ticket is to use the fax software bundled with the Teleport Platinum. This
software is slick as can be. <

Q: What port speed should I be using with a modem?
A: Try first 19200 and increase it gradually; do some downloads with Fetch to
test the speed you're getting (with compressable .txt and uncompressable .sit
files) and check MacPPP's Stats window for the amount of CRC errors and Hdw
overruns after the connection. 8MHz 68000 macs (Plus, SE, Classic) should handle
28800bps - there's some packet loss but it's more than made up for by the extra
speed compared to 19200 (note that some modems don't support 28800 port speed).
16MHz macs (Portable, PB 100) should be fine at 38400-57600 although Global
Village recommends 19200 for the PB100 & PowerPort/Gold 14400 modem. Turning
AppleTalk on/off shouldn't be a big issue unless you're using your modem and
moving a lot of data at the same time via FileSharing.

Q: How can I connect slotless macs like the Plus to direct ethernet?
A: Farallon, Dayna and Asant� have ethernet adapters which connect to the mac's
SCSI port (Farallon EtherMac MicroSCSI, Dayna DaynaPORT Pocket SCSI/Link &
DaynaPORT SCSI/Link and Asant� Micro EN/SC & Desktop EN/SC). Note that some of
these SCSI ethernet adapters may not work because unlike other macs the Plus
doesn't supply current to the SCSI port. Note also that SCSI ethernet adapters
are quite expensive and slow. An alternative to SCSI ethernet adapters is
Farallon EtherMac adapter which connects via LocalTalk port with speeds 5x over
the standard 230.4Kbps LocalTalk rate. Although EtherMac draws power from the
ADB port, there is a power adapter for non-ADB computers like the Plus. Another
option is to connect to ethernet via LocalTalk with a software (Apple LocalTalk
Bridge and Farallon PowerPath & LocalPath) or hardware bridge (Farallon, Dayna
and Asant�).

<http://www.farallon.com/> <http://www.dayna.com/> <http://www.asante.com/>
<http://www.sonicsystems.com/> <http://www.apple.com/>

On 68000 macs telnet-, ftp-, mail-, news- and tcp-apps like NCSA Telnet, Fetch,
Anarchie 1.6.0, Eudora, NewsWatcher and MacTCP Watcher 1.1.2 work fine. Eudora
Light 3.1 has many additional features like filters and it also no longer splits
large messages; it is somewhat slower than v1.5.5. With MacPlus you can't use
control-keys in NCSA Telnet (in ZTerm you can use option or command instead of

MacSOUP 2.4 is an off-line newsreader that runs on a 4MB mac with System 7.0.1*
but it really needs at least a 8MB mac to be usable.

Q: I'm using NewsWatcher but now The Full Group List of my ISP doesn't fit into
NewsWatcher's memory anymore.
A: Check <http://www.sjoki.uta.fi/~shmhav/mac-internet-faq.txt>


On 68000 macs NCSA Mosaic 1.0.3, MacWeb 1.00A3.2, v2.0, MacLynx and MacWWW 1.03
(Samba) work.

MacWeb 1.00A3.2 works better than v1.1.1 E which crashes when saving prefs.
MacWeb 2.0 has more features and understands more HTML tags than v1.00A3.2 but
it is also slower and buggier. NCSA Mosaic 1.0.3 can display in-line GIFs but
with MacWeb you must use an external helper (click and hold on an image icon,
choose "Retrieve to Disk" from the pop-up menu and view with GIFConverter or
GIFwatcher DA). ...note that often GIFConverter, when trying to open JPEGs with
"millions" of colors, gives an "out of memory" error on low-memory machines. A
workround is to use JPEG Convert 1.0 to turn the JPEG into a GIF. GIFs are
limited to 256 colours and need less memory to display. You can turn DAs like
GIFwatcher DA into an app with DA Piggyback; this enables drag 'n drop and
automatic launching when used as a (MacWeb 2.0) helper on System 7. Note that
you can't change GIFwatcher's default settings (including the window size) once
the DA has been converted into an app - you have to set it up the way you want
first, then run it through DA PiggyBack. With RAM Charger it is possible to
squeeze _both_ MacWeb 1.00A3.2 and GIFConverter to run simultaneously on a 4MB

Q: How do I cancel an action in MacWeb 1.00A3.2?
A: Type command-period (many other programs use this as a standard, too).

If the default screen in MacLynx is too big it is possible to open lynx.cfg file
by a text editor and set the lines on a screen from the default 35 to 24, for
example (edit the line: TERM_LINES:35 to: TERM_LINES:24). The home page (or
sometimes called the menu page) from Internet Config can be invoked with the 'm'
key. The homepage can be set by editing the line:
STARTFILE:file://localhost/~/index.html; change it to any valid URL. There are
many more options in lynx.cfg file.



ResEdit instructions for proxy support in MacWeb 1.00A3.2:
* Setting proxy: 1. Using ResEdit, open MacWeb 1.00A3.2. 2. Open 'STR#' "Proxy
Info" ID=803. 3. For each protocol having proxy support, create a string of the
form <&ltprotcol>;<url>>. For example: "http;http://proxy.utas.edu.au:8080/"
and "ftp;http://proxy.utas.edu.au:8080/".
* Setting no proxy: 1. Using ResEdit, open MacWeb 1.00A3.2. 2. Open 'STR#'
"NoProxy Info" ID=804. 3. Create a string for each server for which proxy
support is not wanted. "*" may be used as a wildcard for every server in a
domain. For example: "www.ford.com" and "*.cs.utas.edu.au".





List of small www-browser download sites:

With only 1MB RAM, floppy drive(s) and System 6 you can connect via a terminal
emulator like ZTerm and use unix apps like pine, tin, ftp, ncftp, sz, rz, and
lynx for mail, news, file transfer and www. With ZTerm you can use option or
command instead of control when using MacPlus. To save disk space on those 800K
floppies install the minimum System 6.0.x that ZTerm requires. You can trash all
files except System and Finder, delete unnecessary fonts and DAs from the System
file with Font/DA Mover and delete PPC code from ZTerm with Strip Fat to save
even more disk space.


If you want to use System 6 and connect via PPP, following software versions
work even with 1MB RAM: System 6.0.5-6.0.8 (MacPPP 2.0.1 insists that System
Folder's name must be "System Folder" so if you are using a localized System
change the folder's name accordingly), MacTCP 2.0.6, MacPPP 2.0.1 (later
versions like v2.1.2SD crash), NCSA Telnet 2.6 or v2.7b4, Fetch 3.0.3, Eudora
1.3.1 (install also Map control panel from the System disks and set your time
zone), NewsWatcher 2.0d13m01, Internews 1.1, MacWWW 1.03 (Samba), MacTCP Watcher
1.1.2 (older versions of these apps may use less memory).
MacWWW 1.03 (Samba) works on 68000 macs (at least on System 6.0.5 - it crashes
on System 7.0.1*). It opens fine, loads the startup page fine (doesn't know how
to read files from disk, text-only, no ISO 8859-1 translation, opens a new
window for each link). Do not close any windows as this crashes the mac; also
quitting MacWWW seems to cause a crash. To save space on a floppy-only system,
install a minimum System for your mac and delete all System Folder items except
System, Finder, PPP, ConfigPPP, MacTCP, PPP Preferences, MacTCP DNR and MacTCP
Prep; delete also unnecessary fonts and DAs from the System file with Font/DA
Mover (keep Control Panel DA, though) - this leaves 322K of free space on a DD
floppy with System 6.0.5 US (MacPlus minimum install). Unfatten also "fat"
tcp-apps. Turn RAM Cache off to leave maximum amount of RAM to the apps.


misc info

* Use Command-X-O to boot the Classic from its ROM.

* If you need to save disk space unfatten "fat" apps with Strip Fat, for


* RAM Charger <http://www.syncronys.com/> works also on 68000 macs on System 7.
It makes apps run in less memory than they normally demand, only giving them
more if they need it. Highly recommended! There is a one-week fully functional
demo at:


* Nisus Compact 3.474c word processor is available for free download. Also Nisus
Writer 4.1.6 is freely downloadable: on a 4MB PB100 running 7.0.1* it can be
launched OK (it takes all 3000K free memory) but it seems to repeatedly crash
when switching to Finder or if documents are opened, so it doesn't really seem
too compatible with this configuration although it has a good reputation on
newer macs. So use Nisus Compact 3.474c which runs OK on 68000 macs.


* If you wish to try FullWrite 2.0.6 word processor before you buy it, send
e-mail to <sales@akimbo.com> and they will send you a temporary serial number.
You can also download FullWrite Demo:


* Old versions of MacWrite, MacPaint, MacDraw, MacTerminal etc are available
from the The Mac 512 User Group after registration:


* 68000-compatible Acrobat Reader 1.0 for .pdf files:


* Remote control program Timbuktu Pro 1.0.3 works on 68000 macs and it seems to
also work on newer macs such as PowerMacintosh 8600/200 with System 8.1.

Although the performance is acceptable even via the slow LocalTalk cabling
(AppleTalk), it is advisable to set a newer mac's monitor to display the minimum
amount shades of gray and turn off any desktop pictures to speed things up.

It is rather awesome to run PPC applications via a 68000 mac although the 1 bit
screen doesn't dither color/grayscale images very well.

There was/is a 1 week trial version. Notice that you must do a Custom Install
with System 8.1 because Easy Install mode doesn't work. Later versions like
2.0.5 don't work on 68000 macs.

* To invoke ImageWriter II's bi-directional printing in the "Faster" print mode
hold the Option-Shift-Caps Lock keys while hitting the "OK" button in the Print
dialog. This bi-directional printing, which does cause some loss in print
quality, will remain in effect until the printer is reset, or you hold down the
Command key while hitting the "OK" button for the next printing task.

* Q: How to open compact macs like the Plus?
A: (If you don't know what you're doing, don't do this!) The usual mail-order
companies may still have "Mac Cracker" kits, eventhough they don't put them in
the catalogue anymore. It's a very long 3/16" allen (hex) wrench, otherwise
known as a Torx T-15. Lay the mac down on its "face", with the screen on a soft
pad or pillow. After removing ALL the (5) TORX screws, take off the plastic
reset switch (if you have one) from the left-hand side and work your fingers
into the crack in the case, all the way around, at least twice. Then try lifting
the case up and giving it a gentle shake. The case should slide off and the mac
will drop into the pillow. If not, go around the case again with your fingers
and try again. You need strong fingernails and lots of patience. Do NOT use a
screwdriver - you'll scar the case. If a Mac hasn't been opened before, it could
be pretty tight.

Chuck's Tools online have long T-15 Torx drivers specifically for Classic Macs:


Or do it yourself:


* Q: When was my serial# "xx631xx" MacPlus made?
A: The important digits to figure out are the 3rd, 4th and 5th. The 3rd digit is
the last digit of the year (will be 5 through 9 or 0), in this case 6 is for
1986. The 4th and 5th are the week of the year (will be 01 through 52), in this
case the 31st week of the year. So yours was made the first week of July, 1986.

* Other 68000-oriented sites:

<http://www.jagshouse.com/> good info and software
<http://home.earthlink.net/~gamba2/> Gamba's site
<http://www.edprint.demon.co.uk/se/index.html> Mac SE
<http://www.ou.nl/open/psl/pb100/> PowerBook 100 faq
<http://www.mac512.com/> old Systems and apps
<ftp://ftp.crihan.fr/pub/mactools/old/> Mac 512 UG, old Systems and apps
<http://www.xs4all.nl/~rdingema/html/system6.html> System 6 info
<http://lowendmac.com/lists/system6.html> System 6 mailing list
<http://macplus.mia.net/> MacPlus
<http://macplus.mia.net/installram.html> How to add 4MB of RAM to a Plus
<http://www.uwm.edu/~thig/plus.html> MacAntiques
<http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Heights/7275/home.html> Classic MUG
<http://www.kidsdomain.com/down/oldmac.html> B&W mac shareware for kids
<http://www.pixi.com/~schizo/help.html> old games
<http://lowendmac.com/compact/macquarium.shtml> Macquarium and:
<http://www.members.home.com/jlower/family/slyvester/catbox/xtbox.html> :)

To subscribe to Classic Macs mailing list, email to <majordomo@hitznet.com>, in
the message body write "subscribe classics". To unsubscribe, email to
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instead write in the body of the message "unsubscribe classics
correctemailaddress@mydomain". If you need help, send your problem to
<cmbiz@hitz.net>. Post your messages to <classic-post@hitznet.com>. The Classic
Macs Archives are found at:

* Following people have provided valuable tips and info for my mac pages:

Christopher Adams (MacWeb and its external viewers)
August Calhoun (additions to 68000 compatibility list)
John Delacour (Eudora POP spool trick)
Mike Friese (modems for 68000 macs)
Paul "neon" Gooch (best System for 68000 macs)
Craig Laferriere (additions to 68000 compatibility list)
Matti Lipponen (additions to 68000 compatibility list, NewsWatcher trick)
Bob Nestor (additions to 68000 compatibility list)
Fabrizio Oddone (additions to 68000 compatibility list)
Andreas Prilop (Eudora Tables)
Shaun Redmond (additions to 68000 compatibility list)
Amitai Schlair (additions to 68000 compatibility list)
Judy Trummer (additions to 68000 compatibility list)
Knut Vik�r (MIME and transliteration)
Rick Zaccone (additions to 68000 compatibility list)
 ...and many more...


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