Key Events in CIA History

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                         Key Events in CIA's History

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 1941 11 July        President Franklin D. Roosevelt appoints William J.
                     Donovan as "Coordinator of Information." Donovan was a
                     prominent lawyer who won the Congressional Medal of
                     Honor as an Army colonel in World War I.
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 1942 13 June        President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a military order
                     establishing the Office of Strategic Services (OSS)
                     and naming William J. Donovan as its Director. Donovan
                     remained a civilian until 24 March 1943, when he was
                     appointed brigadier general. He advanced to the rank
                     of major general on 10 November 1944.
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 1945 1 October      President Harry S. Truman's Executive Order 9621
                     abolishes the OSS and transfers its functions to the
                     State and War Departments.
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 1946 22 January     President Truman signs a Presidential Directive
                     establishing the Central Intelligence Group to operate
                     under the direction of the National Intelligence
                     Authority. Truman names the first Director of Central
                     Intelligence, Rear Admiral Sidney W. Souers, USNR, who
                     was sworn in on the following day.
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 1947 18 September   The National Security Act of 1947 establishes the
                     National Security Council and the Central Intelligence
                     Agency (CIA) to replace the National Intelligence
                     Authority and the Central Intelligence Group.
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 1949 20 June        The Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949 provides
                     special administrative authorities and
                     responsibilities for the Agency and the Director.
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 1955 4 August       President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill
                     authorizing $46 million for construction of a CIA
                     Headquarters Building.
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 1956 13 January     President Eisenhower establishes the President's Board
                     of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities,
                     predecessor to the President's Foreign Intelligence
                     Advisory Board.
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 1959 3 November     President Eisenhower presides at laying of cornerstone
                     of CIA Headquarters Building in Langley, Virginia.
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 1961 17 April       Invasion of Cuba by CIA-supported Cuban exiles at Bay
                     of Pigs.
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      20 September   First employees move into CIA Headquarters from
                     various offices in Washington, D.C. area.
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 1962 15-28 October  The Cuban Missile Crisis, precipitated by the CIA
                     discovery in Cuba of Soviet-made nuclear missiles
                     capable of reaching most of the United States.
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 1975 4 January      President Gerald R. Ford signs Executive Order 11828
                     creating the Commission on CIA Activities within the
                     United States. Chaired by Vice President Nelson
                     Rockefeller, the Commission submitted its report on
                     CIA domestic activities to the President on 6 June
                     1975.
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      27 January     The Senate establishes its Select Committee to Study
                     Governmental Operations With Respect to Intelligence
                     Activities under the chairmanship of Senator Frank
                     Church (D-ID). The Church Committee investigated the
                     nation's intelligence activities for 15 months and was
                     disestablished upon submission of its final report to
                     the public on 26 April 1976.
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      19 February    The House establishes its Select Com-mittee on
                     Intelligence to investigate allegations of "illegal or
                     improper" activities of federal intelligence agencies.
                     Its first chairman, Representative Lucien Nedzi
                     (D-MI), was later replaced by Representative Otis G.
                     Pike (D-NY). On 29 January 1976, two days before the
                     Committee was scheduled to conclude its activities,
                     the House voted to withhold public dissemination of
                     the Committee's final report.
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 1976 19 May         The Senate establishes a permanent Select Committee on
                     Intelligence under the chairmanship of Senator Daniel
                     K. Inouye (D-HI) to carry out oversight of the
                     nation's intelligence organizations.
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 1977 14 July      The House of Representatives establishes a permanent
                  Select Committee on Intelligence. Chaired by
                  Representative Edward P. Boland (D-MA), it differs from
                  the SSCI in that it has oversight jurisdiction over the
                  CIA but shares with several other House committees
                  legislative oversight authority over all other
                  intelligence agencies.
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     4 August     President Jimmy Carter announces reorganization of the
                  Intelligence Community, creating a high-level committee
                  chaired by the DCI to set priorities for collecting and
                  producing intelligence, and giving the DCI full control
                  of budget and operational tasking of intelligence
                  collection.
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 1978 24 January   President Carter signs Executive Order 12036, which
                  reshapes the intelligence structure and provides explicit
                  guidance on all facets of intelligence activities.
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 1981 20 October   President Reagan reconstitutes the President's Foreign
                  Intelligence Advisory Board and names 19 distinguished
                  citizens outside of government to serve on the Board.
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     4 December   President Reagan signs Executive Order 12333, which
                  clarifies ambiguities of previous orders and sets clear
                  goals for the Intelligence Community in accordance with
                  law and regard for the rights of Americans.
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 1982 23 June      President Reagan signs Public Law 97-200, the
                  Intelligence Identities Protection Act of 1982, imposing
                  criminal penalties on those who reveal the names of
                  covert intelligence personnel.
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 1984 15 October   President Reagan signs the Central Intelligence Agency
                  Information Act of 1984, which exempts the Agency from
                  the search and review requirements of the Freedom of
                  Information Act with respect to operational and other
                  sensitive files which cannot be released because of
                  operational or security considerations.
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 1985 1 November   Vice President Bush presides at the laying of the
                  cornerstone for the Headquarters Building Expansion.
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 1987 27 May       First annual memorial ceremony commemorates Agency
                  employees who have died in the line of duty.
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 1991 March        The New Headquarters Building, attached to the Original
                  Headquarters Building, is completed and occupied.
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 1992 18 December  Berlin Wall Monument Dedication.
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 1996 7 June       Memorial Garden Dedication.
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