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[[File:Sgifuel.jpg|thumb|SGI Fuel]]
 
[[File:Sgifuel.jpg|thumb|SGI Fuel]]
 
The SGI Fuel was released in 2002 and discontinued in 2006.
 
The SGI Fuel was released in 2002 and discontinued in 2006.
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The Silicon Graphics Fuel, introduced in 2002, was intended to be a single-CPU midrange solution
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for those customers who did not need multiple-CPU capability, thus offering a much cheaper system
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compared to a baseline Tezro or top-spec single-CPU Octane2. There is at least one anecdotal report that the Fuel was still being manufactured as late as 2010, though in theory availability of all MIPS-based products ended in 2007.
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Contrary to popular belief, Fuel was not a successor to O2. SGI never made a follow-on to O2; a
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new system was designed (internally known as the Banana2000 or b2k) but was never developed beyond a prototype.
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== System Architecture ==
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Fuel shares the IP35-architecture with [[SGI Origin 300]], [[SGI Origin 350]], [[SGI Origin 3000]], [[SGI Onyx 3000]] and [[SGI Tezro]] systems.
    
=== CPU Options ===
 
=== CPU Options ===
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|700MHz R16000A CPU Module w/4MB Secondary Cache
 
|700MHz R16000A CPU Module w/4MB Secondary Cache
 
|}
 
|}
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*1 500 or 600 MHz [[R14000A]] [[MIPS]] processor.
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*1 700, 800 or 900 MHz [[R16000]] [[MIPS]] processor.
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=== Memory Subsystem ===
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On introduction SGI claimed an industry-leading 3.2 GByte-per-second processor to memory bandwidth, and half that to the graphics subsystem. The DIMMS used are compatible with those used in the [[SGI Origin 3000]], [[SGI Origin 300]], [[SGI Origin 350]], and the [[SGI Tezro]]. There are a total of four slots, organized into two banks of two slots. This results in a memory capacity from 512 MBytes to 4 Gbytes total system memory.
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{{:Origin 3000 Memory}}
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=== I/O Subsystem ===
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*PS2 Mouse/Keyboard ports
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*One 10BaseT/100BaseT Ethernet
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*Two serial RS232 ports (DB9)
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*One bidirectional parallel port
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*Two USB ports
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*4 PCI slots: 2x 66MHz and 2x 33MHz 64bit
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*2 Internal SCSI Controllers QL12160
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*SCSI CDROM
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=== Graphics Subsystem ===
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The [[VPro]] graphics chipset that SGI started for the [[Octane2]] was also used for this system.
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*[[VPro|VPro10]] 32 MegaBytes RAM
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*[[VPro|VPro12]] 128 MegaBytes RAM
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*Dual Channel Display option (2 DVI-I ports)
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=== Sound ===
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Fuel comes with no sound option installed, however the system can be expanded with PCI or USB soundcards (see "Add-on options")
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=== System ID ===
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The System ID is stored in a Atmel EPROM and [[DS1742W-120]], as discussed on [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16726062 this] forum topic.
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== Add-On Options ==
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First section will cover PCI/PCI-X cards, with the official SGI Digital Media options listed first, then alphabetical by interface/function. Second section will cover devices interfaced through said cards that are known to work. ('''ToDo''': Determine if this is useful to abstract into a separate page that can be ''included'' for all IP35-family machines)
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'''SGI Digital Media Pro PCI Cards'''
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*[[DMediaPro|DM6]] Standard-Definition Digital I/O
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** SGI Part # 013-3745-00x, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?p=7333680 this thread] for details
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*[[DMediaPro|DM8]] Audio Card
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*[[DMediaPro|DM10]] 1394 (FireWire) Card. 400 Mbps
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'''Audio PCI Cards'''
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*M-audio Revolution 7.1 PCI card (the OEM version of the DM8)
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*RAD Digital Audio PCI cards, 3.3 volt cards only!
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** Native 3.3 volt-only cards, SGI Part # 030-1441-001 & SGI Part # 030-1649-001
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** Modified 5 volt cards, SGI Part # 030-0950-00?, '''only after modification''' per [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=13962 this thread]
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*Creative Soundblaster Audigy, P/N SB0090, produces a warning message on boot (relating to the unsupported PCI-Firewire interface on the card) but works fine per [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16725195&p=7340993#p7340993 this thread]
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*Creative Soundblaster Audigy ES, P/N SB0160, according to [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727598 this post] - produces the same warning as the SB0090 above
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*Creative Soundblaster Audigy2 ZS, with audio sync issues per [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&p=7339567#p7339567 this post]
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''see USB Devices for more audio output options''
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'''Ethernet PCI Cards'''
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*SGI GigE with SGI part number 9210289
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*Alteon ACEnic 10/100/1000 †
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*Compaq NC7770 Gigabit Server Adapter † (Tigon3 chipset)
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*3Com 3C996 10/100/1000 PCI-X Server Network Interface Card † (Tigon3 chipset)
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*Generic BCM5704 Dual port Gigabit ‡
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† see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?t=1672&highlight=nonsgi here] for hacking instructions
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‡ Broadcom cards are discussed in-depth in [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16718780 this thread]
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'''Fibre Channel PCI Cards'''
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*Qlogic QLA-2200 (single-port, 1GB/s)
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*Qlogic QLA2310/2310F (single-port, 2GB/s, requires IRIX6.5.18 or later)
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*QLogic QLA2340 (single-port, 2GB/s, requires IRIX6.5.18 or later)
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*QLogic QLA2342 (dual-port, 2GB/s, requires IRIX6.5.18 or later)
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*QLogic QLA2344 (quad-port, 2GB/s, requires IRIX6.5.18 or later)
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*LSI LSI7104XP-LC (single-port, 4GB/s, requiresIRIX6.5.28 or later)
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*LSI LSI7204XP-LC (dual-port, 4GB/s, requiresIRIX6.5.28 or later)
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'''SAS/SATA PCI Cards'''
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*LSI SAS3041X-R 4 internal SAS/SATA ports
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*LSI SAS3442X 8-port SAS/SATA HBA (4 ports internal, 4 external)
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*LSI SAS3442X-R 8-port SAS/SATA HBA
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*LSI SAS3080X-R 8 internal SAS/SATA ports (the HP 347786-B21 is an OEM version)
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*LSI SAS3800X 8 external SAS/SATA ports
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'''SCSI PCI Cards'''
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*SGI 2-Port PCIX Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA - SGI Part # PCIX-SCSI-U4-2P
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*LSI LSI20320-HP Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA (HP-oriented equivalent, single port only, no external connector)
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*LSI LSI21320-IS Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA (OEM functional equivalent to PCIX-SCSI-U4-2P)
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*LSI LSI22320 Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA (two external ports)
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*LSI LSI22320-R Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA (two external ports) - SGI part number 013-1994-002
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*Qlogic QLA-1080
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*Qlogic QLA-1280
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*Qlogic QLA-10160
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*Qlogic QLA-12160
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'''Serial PCI Cards'''
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*PCI Serial I/O (UFC), SGI Part # 030-1657-003
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'''USB PCI Cards'''
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*Adaptec AUA 3020 Rev B Firewire/USB Combo card (blue PCB), see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16719324&p=7283417&#p7283417 this thread] for details (Rev A with blue PCB prevents my Fuel from booting --S.)
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*Belkin F5U220
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'''Firewire PCI Cards''' ([http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=14&t=16724415#p7333432 the DM10 software package is required)]
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*Adaptec AFW4300B (red PCB)
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*Belkin F5U503Vea1 (blue PCB, both as per [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=9046#p69182hardware aggregator])
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*Belkin F5U503 revS-3 as used to connect a hard drive, described [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16724606&p=7353123#p7353123 here]
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*Other PCI FireWire boards with the TI TSB43AB23 IEEE-1394a-2000 controller should work, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727579#p7358734 this post]
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'''Firewire-connected Devices'''
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Note: IRIX support for FAT file systems is limited to FAT16 / 2GB.
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*Flash Card Readers
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**Microtech FW CameraMate (Compact Flash - there is also an SCM branded version of the CameraMate) - see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=14157&start=0&st=0&sk=t&sd=a& this thread] for details.
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**Lexar RW-19b Firewire (Compact Flash) - see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16724606&start=15 this thread] for details.
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**SanDisk Extreme IV FireWire Reader/Writer (Compact Flash) - see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16724606&start=15 this thread] for details.
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**HAMA Traveldrive CF (Compact Flash) - see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16724606&start=15 this thread] for details.
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*Hard Drives
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**Maxtor One Touch II - Combo USB2 and Firewire (300Gig)
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**Elite Pro FireWire Enclosure with Oxford911+ chipset
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**LaCie Hard Drive (design by F.A. Porsche)
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**LaCie d2 Quadra 1TB (designed by Neil Poulton, not an Oxford911 chipset, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16724606&p=7353123#p7353123 here])
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**Any unit using the Oxford 911 chipset ''may'' work
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*Video Display/Capture
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**AV/C Devices, can display live video on the desktop or capture video in digital ([http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655&start=15#p7359907 DIF/DV/DVCPRO]) format:
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***Canopus ADVC-300 - firewire connected analog-to-digital converter/capture device, captures video in DV/DIF format, [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655 read through this topic for details]
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***ADS PYRO A/V Link - professional quality DV breakout box Model 550, mentioned in DM10 release notes as an approved device, but so far [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655&start=15#p7359828 no reports of successful use]
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**IIDC Devices, display live video on the desktop or in a [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655&start=15#p7359993 web page using IRIX Outbox]:
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***Apple iSight, original external "can" version, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655 this thread]
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***Orange Micro iBot Firewire Cam, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655#p7359628 this post]
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***ADS Pyro 1394 Web Cam, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655&start=15#p7359974 this post]
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'''Serial-connected Devices'''
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*WACOM tablets via serial port: Intuos A3 Tablet GD-0912-R using driver from  http://www.wacom.com/productsupport/sgi_sun.cfm
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'''USB-connected Devices'''
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*Microsoft Intellimouse Explorer USB
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*Apple Mighty Mouse
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*Apple Pro-Keyboard
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*IBM Preferred USB Keyboard
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*Griffin iMic and iMic2
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*Telex USB audio device
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*Apple iMac Graphite USB keyboard
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*Logitech TrackMan Wheel USB mouse (scroll supported) - on O3200, should work on Fuel too?
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*Sony VAIO USB mouse
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** See [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?t=10957 here] for info on setting ioconfig.conf. Use '''man usbinput'''.
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A number of cheap USB audio devices are known to work for output only, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16725440&p=7341670 this thread] for details
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== Operating System Support ==
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=== IRIX ===
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[[IRIX]] Versions from 6.5.17 up to the latest overlay (6.5.30 at this time) are supported on this machine. Firewire support became functional around 6.5.27
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== Troubleshooting ==
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xfs_fsr locks up the system while running against the file system on any firewire drive. This has been a problem for over two years now with no repair in sight.
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Temperature sensing on early Fuel mainboards is notoriously prone to failure, rendering the computer inoperable if environment monitoring is left on. Amateur repairs are possible, see here : [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16206]
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=== Fuel PSU Issue and Environmental monitoring ===
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Fuel power supplies are variants of off-the-shelf units offered for consumer PCs. However the pinouts, if not hte voltages and functions, differ even though the OEM part numbers do not. This is described in [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16724569 this forum thread] and includes speculation about substituting one for the other. If you pursue this please be aware that you do so at your own risk, but please share the results with the community if you are successful.
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'''TODO:''' write about L1 monitoring of PSU fan speeds and the Fuel just knowing its not a SGI PSU.
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* [http://www.dualathlonservers.com/powersupplies/nmbps.pdf Very similar PSU]
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=== PSU Repair ===
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* [[Fuel PSU repair]] wiki topic from [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16725574&start=15 this] forum topic.
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== Further Reading ==
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[http://sgistuff.g-lenerz.de/hardware/machines/fuel.php SGIstuff: Hardware: Machines: Fuel]
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[http://www.sgi.com/products/remarketed/workstations/fuel.html Fuel overview at SGI.com]
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[http://techpubs.sgi.com/library/tpl/cgi-bin/listdocs.cgi?coll=hdwr&prods=Fuel Fuel documents at SGI.com]
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SGI_Fuel Wikipedia page]
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[http://www.linux-mips.org/wiki/IP35 IP35 at linux-mips.org]
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[http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?t=9046&start=0 Fuel Hardware Aggregator at nekochan.net]
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[http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16725440&p=7341670 Discussion of compatible audio devices at nekochan.net]
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[[Restore Fuel L1 firmware after broken update]]
    
== Fuel Gallery ==
 
== Fuel Gallery ==

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