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Surfing the INTERNET: An Introduction

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Surfing the INTERNET: an Introduction 
Version 2.0  December 3, 1992

c 1992 Jean Armour Polly.  Material quoted from other authors 
was compiled from public Internet posts by those authors. No 
copyright claims are made for those compiled quotes.  Permission to
reprint is granted for nonprofit educational purposes. Please let me 
know if you find this compilation useful.
This first (much shorter) version of this appeared in the 
June , 1992 Wilson Library Bulletin.
Please include this entire copyright/copy notice if you duplicate this

Please send updates and corrections to: [email protected]

Today I' ll travel to Minnesota, Texas, California, Cleveland, New 
Zealand, Sweden, and England. I' m not frantically packing, and I 
won' t pick up any frequent flyer mileage. In fact, I' m sipping 
cocoa at my Macintosh. My trips will be electronic, using the 
computer on my desk, communications software, a modem, and 
a standard phone line.  

I' ll be using the Internet, the global network of computers and 
their interconnections, which lets me skip like a stone across 
oceans and continents and control computers at remote sites. I 
haven' t "visited" Antarctica yet, but it is only a matter of time 
before a host computer becomes available there! 

This short, non-technical article is an introduction to Internet 
communications and how librarians and libraries can benefit 
from net connectivity. Following will be descriptions of 
electronic mail, discussion lists, electronic journals and texts, 
and resources available to those willing to explore. Historical 
details about the building of the Internet and technical details 
regarding network speed and bandwidth are outside the scope 
of this piece.

What' s Out There Anyway? 

Until you use a radio receiver, you are unaware of the wealth of 
programming, music, and information otherwise invisible to 
you. Computer networks are much the same. About one million 
people worldwide use the Internet daily. Information packet 
traffic rises by 12% each month.

About 727,000 host computers are connected, according to a 
January, 1992 report (Network Working Group  Request for 
Comments: 1296) by Mark K. Lottor. 
So, what's all the excitement about? What' s zipping around in 
that fiber and cable and ether, anyway? 

On my electronic adventure I browsed the online catalog at the 
University Library in Liverpool England, leaving some "hi there 
from Liverpool New York" mail for the librarian. 

I downloaded some new Macintosh anti-virus software from 
Stanford's SUMEX archive. 

Then I checked a few databases for information needed for this 
article, and scanned today's news stories. 

I looked at the weather forecast for here in the East and for the 
San Francisco Bay area, forwarding that information to a friend 
in San Jose who would read it when he woke up. The Internet 
never closes! 

After that I read some electronic mail from other librarians in 
Israel, Korea, England, Australia and all over the U.S. We're 
exchanging information about how to keep viruses off public 
computers, how to network CD ROMS, and how to re-ink inkjet 
printer cartridges, among  other things.  

I monitor about twelve discussion groups. Mail sent to the 
group address is distributed to all other "subscribers". It's 
similar to a round-robin discussion. These are known variously 
as mailing lists, discussion groups, reflectors, aliases, or 
listservs, depending on what type they are and how they are 
driven.  Subscriptions are free. 

One of these groups allows children and young adults all over 
the world to communicate with each other.  Kids from Cupertino 
to Moscow are talking about their lives, pets, families, hope and 
dreams. It' s interesting to see that Nintendo is a universal 

Teachers exchange lesson plans and bibliographies in another 
group, and schools participate in projects like the global market 
basket survey. For this project, students researched what foods 
a typical family of four would buy and prepare over one week' s 
time. Their results were posted to the global project area, where 
they could be compared with reports from kids all over North 
and South America, India, Scandinavia, and Asia. It opened up 
discussions of dietary laws, staple foods, and cultural 

Other lists explore the worlds of library administration, 
reference, mystery readers, romance readers, bird-watcher 
hotlines, cat enthusiasts, X-Soviet Union watchers, packet radio 
techies, and thousands more. There is even a list to announce 
the creation of new lists! 

The Power of the Net
A net connection in a school is like having multiple foreign 
exchange students in the classroom all the time. It promotes 
active, participatory learning. Participating in a discussion group 
is like being at an ongoing library conference. All the experts 
are Out There, waiting to be asked. 

Want to buy a CD ROM drive? Send one query and "ask" the 
3,000 folks on PACS-L (Public Access Computer Systems list) for 
advice. In a few hours you'll have personal testimonies on the 
pros and cons of various hardware configurations. Want to see if 
any libraries are doing anything with Total Quality 
Management? Ask the members of LIBADMIN and you'll have 
offers of reports, studies, personal experiences and more. 

How do you cope with budget cuts: personnel layoffs or 
materials? Again, LIBADMIN use allows shared advice. 

Here is one story about the power of the net. At Christmas, an 
electronic plea came from Ireland. "My daughter believes in 
Santa Claus," it began.  "And although the My Little Pony ÔMegan 
& Sundance'  set has not been made in three years, she believes 
Santa will prevail and she will find one under her tree." Mom, a 
university professor, had called the manufacturer in the US, but 
none were available. "Check around," they said, "maybe some 
yet stand on store shelves." So Mom sent the call out to the net. 

Many readers began a global search for the wily Pony as part of 
their own holiday shopping forays. 

Soon, another message came from Dublin. It seemed that a 
reader of the original message had a father who was a high-
ranking executive in the toy company, and he had managed to 
acquire said pony where others had failed! 

It was duly shipped in time to save Santa' s reputation. 

Part of the library's mission is to help remove barriers to 
accessing information, and part of this is removing barriers 
between people. One of the most interesting things about 
telecommunications is that it is the Great Equalizer. It lets all 
kinds of computers and humans talk to each other.  The old 
barriers of sexism, ageism, and racism are not present, since 
you can't see the person to whom you're "speaking". You get to 
know the person without preconceived notions about what you 
THINK he is going to say, based on visual prejudices you may 
have, no matter how innocent. 

Well, almost without visual prejudice. Electronic mail is not 
always an harmonic convergence of like souls adrift in the 
cyberspace cosmos: there are arguments and tirades (called 
"flamesÓ). Sometimes you get so used to seeing a frequent 
poster' s electronic signature that you know what he' s going to 
say before he says it! 


One problem with written communication is that remarks 
meant to be humorous are often lost. Without the visual body-
language clues, some messages may be misinterpreted. So a 
visual shorthand known as "smileys" has been developed. There 
are a hundred or more variations on this theme--  :-) That's a 
little smiley face. Look at it sideways.  (more Smiley info may 
be found via anonymous ftp at  many places, including the 
following:        pub/misc/funnies/smiley.txt). FTP is introduced 
later in the text.

What a range of emotions you can show using only keyboard 
characters. Besides the smiley face above, you can have :-( if 
you're sad, or :-<  if you're REALLY upset! ;-) is one way of 
showing a wink. Folks wearing glasses might look like this 
online: %^ ). 

But for the most part, the electronic community is willing to 
help others. Telecommunications helps us overcome what has 
been called the tyranny of distance. We DO have a global village. 

Electronic Newsletters and Serials 

Subscribing to lists with reckless abandon can clog your mailbox 
and provide a convenient black hole to vacuum up all your 
spare time. You may be more interested in free subscriptions to 
compiled documents known as electronic journals. These 
journals are automatically delivered to your electronic door. 
There are a growing number of these. Some of the best for 
librarians are listed below. To subscribe to these journals you 
must know how to send an interactive message to another 
computer. This information is well-documented in the resources 
listed at the end of this article. Telnet and ftp are introduced 
further along in this article.

(Association for Library Collections and Technical Services) 
Various ALA news, net news, other items of interest to 
librarians. Send the following message to 
[email protected]
 SUBSCRIBE ALCTS First Name Last Name.

Current Cites 
Bibliography of current journal articles relating to computers, 
networks, information issues, and technology. Distributed on 
PACS-L, or connect remotely via TELNET to MELVYL.UCOP.EDU 
(; Enter command at the prompt: SHOW 
CURRENT CITES. Further information: David F. W. Robison, 
[email protected]

EFFector Online 
The online newsletter of the Electronic Frontier Foundation. All 
the hot net issues are covered here: privacy, freedom, first 
amendment rights. Join EFF to be added to the mailing list or ftp 
the files yourself from ( They are in 
the pub/eff and subsequent directories.

Hot Off the Tree (HOTT)  
(Excerpts and Abstracts of Articles about Information 
Technology) TELNET MELVYL.UCOP.EDU (; Enter 
command: SHOW HOTT. Further information: Susan Jurist, 
[email protected]

Network News 
An irreverent compendium of tidbits, resources, and net 
factoids that is a must for true Internet surfers. To subscribe, 
Send the following message to [email protected]
SUBSCRIBE NNEWS First Name Last Name.
For more information: Dana Noonan at [email protected]

Public-Access Computer Systems News and The Public-Access 
Computer Systems Review 
Sent automatically to PACS-L subscribers.  See above. For a list 
of back issue files, send the following message to 
[email protected]:

To obtain a comprehensive list of electronic serials on all topics, 
send the following commands to [email protected] 
information, contact Michael Strangelove: 
[email protected]

Remote Login to Internet Resources: TELNET
One step beyond electronic mail is the ability to control a 
remote computer using TELNET. This feature lets you virtually 
teleport anywhere on the network and use resources located 
physically at that host. Further, some hosts have gateways to 
other hosts, which have further gateways to still more hosts. 
How can you be in two places at once? It sounds more confusing 
than it is. What resources are available? Here is a sampling of 
some of the fare awaiting you at several sites:

Cleveland Free-net 

Freenets are the progeny of Tom Grundner, Director, Community 
Telecomputing Laboratory, Case Western Reserve University, 
303 Wickenden Building, Cleveland, OH 44106 (216) 368-2733 
FAX: (216) 368-5436 
Internet: [email protected] 
BITNET: aa001%[email protected] 
and the folks at National Public Telecomputing Network (NPTN), 
Box 1987, Cleveland, OH 44106 (216) 368-2733 FAX: (216) 
368-5436 [email protected] 

Free-nets are built around a city metaphor, complete with 
schools, hospitals, libraries, courthouses, and other public 

Academy One recently held an online global simulation of a 
series of major space achievements. 16 schools (from five states 
and four nations) participated. Here are several of the 
descriptions of their projects: 

Valkeala, Finland ([email protected]) Acting as 
Space Shuttle Discovery taking the Hubble Telescope into space.  
These Finnish students will be in communication with students 
in Estonia and relaying their reports.Ó

([email protected], [email protected]) Dr. 
Howard School (25 students in 3rd/4th grade) will be 
simulating the Challenger 2 launch.  They are being assisted by 
the National Center for Supercomputing Applications.Ó

([email protected]) Simulating a NASA Tracking 
Station in Florida.  They will be posting hourly weather reports 
about the conditions in Florida around Cape Kennedy.  This 
information is vital to the recovery of the Friendship 7 capsule 
and crew. Students have taken an interest in Space Junk and 
will be posting additional reports on the various probes which 
were used to test the surface of the moon and how all of that 
junk is now becoming a hazard to current and future space 

Another Free-net resource is Project Hermes.  This service 
provides copies of Supreme Court opinions in electronic form to 
as wide an audience as possible, almost as soon as they are 

The Court's opinions can be sent directly to you or you may 
download the files directly from any NPTN community 
computer system.   

The Free-nets also provide weather, news, and gateways to 
other resources. To access the Cleveland Free-Net (where all this 
is being held) simply telnet to: or129.22.8.75  or or129.22.8.44  and 
select "visitor" at the login menu.


The University of California MELVYL Catalog Division of Library 
Automation University of California Office of the President 300 
Lakeside Drive, 8th floor, Oakland, California 94612-3550 (415) 
987-0555 (MELVYL Catalog Helpline) E-mail: 
[email protected] 

The MELVYL catalog is the union catalog of monographs and 
serials (periodicals) held by the nine University of California 
campuses and affiliated libraries. It represents nearly 11 
million holdings at UC, the California State Library, and the 
Center for Research Libraries. 

The MELVYL catalog also provides access to MEDLINE and 
Current Contents as well as a gateway to many other systems. 
Access to some databases are restricted under a license 
agreement to the University of California faculty, staff, and 
students. Telnet MELVYL.UCOP.EDU (


Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries 777 Grant, Suite 306 
Denver CO 80203-3580 (303)861-5319
E-mail: [email protected] 

CARL offers access to the following groups of databases: 
Academic and public library online catalogs, current article 
indexes such as UnCover and Magazine Index, databases such as 
the Academic American Encyclopedia and Internet Resource 
Guide, and a gateway to other library systems. Access to some 
items is limited. telnet or telnet

This is how Barry Kort (aka 'Moulton'), Visiting Scientist at 
Educational Technology Research, BBN Labs, Cambridge, MA 
describes MicroMuse at M.I.T. 

"MUDs (Multi-User Dimensions) or MUSEs (Multi-User  
Simulation Environments) are virtual realities which offer a rich 
environment for synergy, community, collaboration, and 
exploratory discovery. "  

"Players connect to the host computer, adopt a character and 
personality of their choosing, and enter into the synthetic world, 
consisting of a web of connected rooms and movable props. "
"Everything (rooms, movable objects, connecting passageways, 
and players) has a description (typically a few lines of text) 
which are displayed when a player looks at it."

"Actions such as picking up or dropping an object, and exiting to 
an adjacent room also generate a short message appropriate to 
the action." 

"At MIT's AI Lab, MicroMuse features explorations, adventures, 
and puzzles with redeeming social, cultural, and educational 
content. The MicroMuse Science Center offers an Exploratorium 
and Mathematica Exhibit complete with interactive exhibits 
drawn from experience with Science Museums around the 
country.  The Mission to Mars includes an elaborate tour of the 
red planet with accurate descriptions rivaling those found in 
National Geographic."
"Elsewhere on MicroMuse, one can find an outstanding 
adventure based on the children's classic Narnia; a recreation of 
the Wizard of Oz adventure built by a gifted 8-year old; a 
challenging Logic Quest; and a living model of the science fiction 
genre 'The DragonRiders of Pern' by author Anne McCaffrey." 

If you would like to explore MicroMuse, you may connect as 
follows from your local host computer: telnet 
[] login: guest [no password required] tt [TinyTalk 
client program] 
connect guest                                [Connect to MicroMuse]

Type launch at the login message.
It' s a must. Not only can you read Usenet Newsfeeds, but you 
can use LibTel, a scripted telnet gateway to access both US and 
international libraries plus such things as Data Research 
Associates Library of Congress catalog, the Ham Radio Call Book, 
the National Science Foundation, the Weather Server, Webster' s 
dictionary and thesaurus, and more.

Remote Access to Files (FTP) 

FTP or File Transfer Protocol is what to use to retrieve a text 
file, software, or other item from a remote host. Normal practice 
is to ftp to the host you want and login as "anonymousÓ. Some 
sites use the password "guest" while others require that you put 
in your network address as the password. Some popular ftp 
sites follow:

SUMEX-AIM archive at Stanford ( or houses a plethora of Macintosh applications, utilities, 
graphics and sound files.

SIMTEL20 ( or at the White 
Sands Missile Range in New Mexico contains a similar archive 
software for MS-DOS computers.

An FTP visit to the Network Service Center at 
( is a gold mine of documents and training 
materials on net use. See further information on this in the 
Resources for Learning More section of this article.

Project Gutenberg 

The primary goal of Project Gutenberg is to encourage the 
creation and distribution of electronic text.  They hope to have a 
trillion etexts in distribution by the end of 2001. 

Some of the many texts available now include Alice in 
Wonderland, Peter Pan, Shakespeare, Paradise Lost and other 
texts in the public domain. Many of these texts are available 
cd etext92 [for 1992 releases] or cd /etext/etext92
cd etext/etext91 [for 1991 releases]
cd etext/articles [for Project Gutenberg articles and newsletters]
They are also available from (
cd pub
cd etext
and many other sites.

Michael S. Hart, Director, Project Gutenberg National 
Clearinghouse for Machine Readable Texts Illinois Benedictine 
College 5700 College Road Lisle, Illinois 60532-0900 
BITNET: [email protected]  
INTERNET: [email protected] 

Travel Agents: Archie, Gopher, WAIS, Worldwide Web 

There is so much information on the net, it's impossible to know 
where everything is, or even how to begin looking. Fortunately, 
some computerized "agents" are in development to help sort 
through the massive  data libraries on the net.


Peter Deutsch, of McGill' s Computing Centre, describes the archie 
server concept, which allows users to ask a question once yet 
search many different hosts for files of interest. 

"The archie service is a collection of resource discovery tools 
that together provide an electronic directory service for locating 
information in an Internet environment. Originally created to 
track the contents of anonymous ftp archive sites, the archie 
service is now being expanded to include a variety of other on-
line directories and resource listings." 

"Currently, archie tracks the contents of over 800 anonymous 
FTP archive sites containing some 1,000,000 files throughout 
the Internet. Collectively, these files represent well over 50 
Gigabytes (50,000,000,000 bytes) of information, with 
additional information being added daily. Anonymous ftp 
archive sites offer software, data and other information that can 
be copied and used without charge by anyone with connection 
to the Internet." 

"The archie server automatically updates the listing information 
from each site about once a month, ensuring users that the 
information they receive is reasonably timely, without imposing 
an undue load on the archive sites or network bandwidth." 

Unfortunately the archie server at McGill is currently out of 
service. Other sites are: (USA [NY]) (USA [NJ]) (USA [MD]) (Finland/Mainland 
Europe) (Australia/New Zealand) 
(Great Britain/Ireland)

Info from: UNIX Support Group, Computing Centre, McGill 
University, Room 200, Burnside Hall, 805 Sherbrooke Street 
West, Montreal, Quebec CANADA H3A 2K6  (514) 398-3709 
[email protected] 

Internet  Gopher 

A gopher (or go-fer) is someone who fetches necessary items 
from many locations. Login as gopher after you telnet to and enjoy having a computer do all 
the work for you. Almost. Gopher is still in experimental mode 
at many gopherized sites. Still, it is one of the best ways to 
locate information on and in the Internet.

Besides archie, the gopher at includes 
fun and games, humor, libraries (including reference books such 
as the Hacker's Dictionary, Roget's 1911 Thesaurus, and the CIA 
World Fact Book), gateways to other US and foreign gophers, 
news, and gateways to other systems. 

VERONICA:  Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-wide Index to 
Computerized Archives.

Very new on the scene is  VERONICA. Here is some information 
from Steve Foster about it.

"Veronica offers a keyword search of most gopher-server menus in the
 entire gopher web.  As Archie is to ftp archives, Veronica is to 
"Unlike Archie, the search results can connect you directly to the data
Imagine an Archie search that lets you select the data, not just the host
sites, directly from a menu.  Because Veronica is accessed through a 
gopher client, it is easy to use, and gives access to all types of data
 supported by the gopher protocol."

"Veronica was designed as a response to the problem of resource 
discovery in the rapidly-expanding gopher web. 
Frustrated comments in the net news-groups have recently reflected
the need for such a service.
Additional motivation came from the comments of naive gopher users, 
several of whom assumed that a simple-to-use service would provide a
means to find resources "without having to know where they are."
"The result of a Veronica search is an automatically-generated 
gopher menu, customized according to the user's keyword specification.
Items on this menu may be drawn from many gopher servers.  These are
functional gopher items, immediately accessible via the gopher  client ...
just double-click to open directories, read files, or perform other 
searches -- across hundreds of gopher servers.  You need never know
which server is actually involved in filling your request for information.
 Items that are appear particularly interesting can be saved in the user's
 bookmark list."

"Notice that these are NOT full-text searches of data at gopher-server sites,
just as Archie does not index the contents of ftp sites, but only the names
of files at those sites.  Veronica indexes the TITLES on all levels of the
menus, for most gopher sites in the Internet.  258 gophers are indexed by
Veronica on Nov. 17, 1992;  we have discovered over 500 servers and will
index the full set in the near future.   We hope that Veronica will
 encourage gopher administrators to use very descriptive titles on their

"To try Veronica, select it from the "Other Gophers" menu on Minnesota's
gopher server ( , or point your gopher at:
Name=Veronica (search menu items in most of GopherSpace)

"Veronica is an experimental service, developed by Steve Foster and Fred
 Barrie at University of Nevada.  As we expect that the load will soon
 outgrow our hardware, we will distribute the Veronica service across
 other sites in the near future."

"Please address comments to:   [email protected]"

Is this the new world order of automated librarianship?


Wide Area Information Servers (pronounced ways) allows users 
to get information from a variety of hosts by means of a "clientÓ. 
The user tells the client, in plain English, what to look for out in 
dataspace. The client then searches various WAIS servers 
around the globe. The user tells the client how relevant each hit 
is, and the client can be sent out on the same quest again and 
again to find new documents. 

Client software is available for many different types of 

WAIStation is an easy to use Macintosh implementation of a 
WAIS client. It can be downloaded from as well as a 
self-running MediaTracks demo of WAIStation in action. Kahle 
also moderates a thoughtful WAIS newsletter and discussion 
group, often speculating about the future of libraries and 

Info from: Brewster Kahle Project Leader Wide Area 
Information Servers Thinking Machines Corporation 1010 El 
Camino Real, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (415) 329-9300 x228
[email protected]


Tim Berners-Lee describes the Web this way: "The WWW 
project merges the techniques of information retrieval and 
hypertext to make an easy but powerful global information 
system. The WWW world consists of documents, and links.  
Indexes are special documents  which, rather than being read, 
may be searched. The result of such a search is  another 
("virtual") document containing links to the documents found.  
The Web contains documents in many formats. Those 
documents which are hypertext, (real or virtual) contain links to 
other documents, or places within documents. All documents, 
whether real, virtual or indexes, look similar to the reader and 
are contained within the same addressing scheme. To follow a 
link,  a reader clicks with a mouse (or types in a number if he 
or she has no mouse). To search and index, a reader gives 
keywords (or other  search criteria). These are the only 
operations  necessary to access the entire world of data." 

Info from: Tim Berners-Lee WorldWideWeb project, 1211 
Geneva 23 Switzerland                Tel: +41(22)767 3755  
Fax:+41(22)767 7155 email:[email protected]


Peter Scott, the creator of HYTELNET, sends this recent update:
"HYTELNET version 6.3, the utility which gives an IBM-PC user
instant-access to all Internet-accessible library catalogs, FREE-NETS,
CWISs, BBSs, Gophers, WAIS, etc. is now available. You can get it via
anonymous ftp from:
in the pub/hytelnet/pc subdirectory. It is listed as HYTELN63.ZIP."

"Version 6.3 is a major upgrade. Much redundant information 
has been deleted, and errors have been corrected. New subdirectories 
have been added, which has meant that many files now have a more 
meaningful home.
Also all the new/updated files created since Version 6.2 have been

"Note: the UNZIPPED files total over 1.2 mb...but remember, you can
always edit out any information you do not need, 
in order to save space.
Information from Roy Tennant follows, slightly edited, 
describing how to obtain HYTELNET 6.3 from the ftp site 
(thanks Roy)::"

At your system prompt, enter:               ftp
      or                                    ftp
When you receive the Name prompt, enter:    anonymous
When you receive the password prompt, enter your Internet 
When you are at the ftp> prompt, enter:     binary
At the next ftp> prompt, enter:             cd pub/hytelnet/pc
Then enter:                                 get
After the transfer has occurred, either
   proceed with the instructions below to
   retrieve the UNZIP utility (which you
   need unless you already have it) or enter:   quit

The Hytelnet program is archived using a ZIP utility.  To 
unarchive it, you must be able to "unzip" the file.  
If you have the file PKUNZIP.EXE, it will unarchive the 
HYTELN63.ZIP file (see below for 
instructions). If you do not have it, you may retrieve it 
with by following these instructions:

Use the above instructions for connecting to
At the ftp> prompt, enter:                   binary
Then enter:                                  cd pub/hytelnet/pc
Then enter:                                  get pkunzip.exe
After the transfer has occurred, enter:      quit

Because of the plethora of PC communications programs, I will 
not attempt to give step-by-step instructions here.  You should 
check the instructions for your software for downloading a *binary* file 
from your Internet account to your PC.

Make a new directory on your hard disk (e.g., mkdir hytelnet)
Copy PKUNZIP.EXE and HYTELN63.ZIP into the new directory
Make sure you are in that directory, then enter: pkunzip HYTELN63
It will then unarchive HYTELN63.ZIP, which contains the 
following files:


The file READNOW. gives full instructions for un-archiving 
Simply put, you **MUST** unZIP the file with the -d parameter  so that
all the subdirectories will be recursed.

To use HYTELNET, you should refer to the instructions in the release
announcement by Peter Scott, or to the README file included with the

"PLEASE NOTE that I offer the above instructions as a service 
for those who are unfamiliar with the steps required to download and 
use files from network sources.  I cannot be responsible for any local 
variations in these procedures which may exist.  Please contact your local 
computer support staff if you have difficulty performing these tasks."

"The UNIX/VMS version, created by Earl Fogel, is available for 
browsing by telnet to   login with   hytelnet (lower case). 
Formore information on this version contact Earl at: 
[email protected]"

How to Get Connected 

Now that you're interested in what resources are available, how 
does one go about getting connected? Time was that you needed 
a standard, dedicated connection to the Internet. Then you 
needed a robust computer system and a couple of zany gurus to 
keep it all running. And once a year you could expect an invoice 
in the $30,000 range to keep the data flowing. 

These days, anyone can connect, from small libraries and non-
profits to individuals. And the prices are affordable.

There is a NSFNet acceptable-use policy you must agree to 
adhere to if your traffic passes through NSFNet. It is available 
from the NSF Network Service Center. 

Contact your regional network first to see what services might 
be available to you. A list of regional nets can be obtained from 
the NSF Network Service Center (address below), or check with 
a local college or university' s academic computing center. A 
university may be able to give you a guest account on its 
system for educational purposes. 

Access to electronic mail alone is roughly $20 a month at this 
writing Additional capabilities, including telnet and ftp, cost 
more, and it will cost $2,000 or more per year if you want to 
operate your own host system. The good news is that the costs 
are spiraling downwards Here are a few other methods of 
connecting to the net. Many more are listed in the books listed 
at the end of this article.

The California Education and Research Federation (CERFnet) has 
announced  DIAL N' CERF USA.  It allows educators, scientists, 
corporations, and individuals access to the Internet from 
anywhere in the continental US. A toll-free number, 1-800-
7CERFNET, provides subscribers with the capability to log in to 
remote machines, transfer files, and send and receive electronic 
mail, as if they had a standard, dedicated connection. The cost of 
this toll-free connection is $20 a month with a $10 per hour 
usage fee and free installation. There is an installation charge of 
$50.  CERFnet. California Education and Research Federation, c/o 
San Diego Supercomputer Center, P. O. Box 85608, San Diego, CA 
92186-9784 [email protected], 800-876-CERF or (619) 534-5087.

Performance Systems International PSI offers several 
permutations of network connectivity, including low-end email-
only accounts, dial-up host connectivity on demand, and 
dedicated connections. Costs are competitive and performance is 
reliable. PSILink, email and delayed ftp, is $19 a month for 
2400 baud service or below, $29 per month for 9600 baud 
service. GDS (Global Dialup Service) includes telnet, rlogins at 
$39 a month, 2400 baud, 24  hour access. Host DCS (Dialup 
Connection Service), at about $2000 per year, includes a full 
suite of internet activities (mail, news, ftp, telnet). PSI has POPs 
(points of presence) in over forty U.S. cities. Performance 
Systems International, Inc. 11800 Sunrise Valley Dr. Suite 1100, 
Reston, VA 22091 (800) 82PSI82 or (703) 620-6651 FAX: (703) 
620-4586 [email protected] [email protected] generates an automatic 
rep response containing summaries of various PSI products.

Software Tool & Die offers The World, a public access Unix 
system: The basic rates are $2 per hour and a $5 monthly 
account fee. Services offered by The World include internet 
electronic mail, USENET news, ClariNet - UPI, AP, and satellite 
news services, real-time chat, Unix Software, Archie, the Online 
Book Initiative ( a publicly accessible repository for freely 
redistributable collections of textual information, a net-worker's 
library.) AlterNet Access - Users have access to AlterNet via 
ftp/telnet. Internet - Due to NSF policy, not all Internet 
networks will allow ftp and telnet connections. The World can 
also be accessed over the Compuserve Packet Network. You do 
not have to be a Compuserve subscriber to use this network, 
but you will be billed for its use. The WORLD, Software Tool & 
Die,1330 Beacon Street, Brookline, MA  02146 (617)739-0202

Daniel Dern also provides the following definitive information file 
on how to get connected:
Daniel Dern's Short Answer to "How do I get a list of Internet
Service/Access Providers for Individual Accounts":
For a list of Internet Service Providers contact:

NSF Network Service Center (NNSC)
BBN Laboratories Inc.
10 Moulton St.
Cambridge, MA 02238
(617) 873-3361
[email protected]

The NNSC info-server utility can also automatically e-mail you a
copy of this list and other documents.  Simply send an e-mail
message to:
[email protected]
with the following text in the body:
    request: nsfnet
    topic: <topic-here>
    topic: <topic-here>
    request: end

You don't need to put anything in the subject line.

"referral-list" gets you the NNSC's referral list of Internet
Service Providers based in the U.S. (possibly providing
international service).   This is generally agreed to be the most
comprehensive and least biased list.

"limited-referral" gets you the NNSC's referral list of Internet
providers for "limited service," which includes Dial-Up IP,
Internet E-mail.

"help" (recommended) gets you the Help document for the info-
server facility.

For a list of dial-up-accessible Public-Access Internet Hosts
(Unix BBSs that can do telnet, ftp, etc., that can you can access
by calling from your PC and modem), see the PDIAL list,
maintained by Peter Kaminski.  Kaminski periodically posts
an updated version to the usenet groups alt.bbs.lists and
alt.bbs.internet; also, the most recent edition may be obtained
by sending e-mail to [email protected] with the "Send 
PDIAL" in the subject.  To be placed on a list to receive future editions
automatically, send e-mail to [email protected] with 
"Subscribe PDIAL" in the subject.

The "nixpub" list is a frequently updated list of Public-Access
unix Systems -- Unix-based BBSs usually carrying usenet news,
supporting e-mail connectivity to the Internet, and with some 
mix of local archives, multi-user games, etc.  The full list is long
(over 1,000 lines).  To get a current copy of "nixpub" as an
automatic e-mail reply, Send a message to "[email protected]" 
(no subject or message text needed), or to [email protected] 
with message body of one of these:

send nixpub long
send nixpub short
send nixpub long short
index nixpub

The nixpub and nixpub.short lists are regularly reposted to the USENET
 comp.misc and alt.bbs groups

Info from:
Daniel P. Dern
Free-lance technology writer
P.O. Box 309  Newton Centre, MA 02159
617-969-7947  FAX: 617-969-7949
[email protected]"

Resources for Learning More 

"Emily Postnews Answers Your Questions on Netiquette" 

Brad Templeton's ( [email protected] ) satirical and hilarious 
piece on how NOT to behave on the net. Emily Postnews, 
foremost authority on proper net behaviour, gives her 
advice.There are many places to ftp this file, and it is appearing 
on many gophers. One place to get the file is by ftp to   ( Location: /pub/docs/words-

The file is called emily.postnews. Here is a sample: 
"Dear Miss Postnews: How long should my signature be? -- 
[email protected] 
A: Dear Verbose: Please try and make your signature as long as 
you can.  It's much more important than your article, of course, 
so try to have more lines of signature than actual text. Try to 
include a large graphic made of ASCII characters, plus lots of 
cute quotes and slogans.  People will never tire of reading these 
pearls of wisdom again and again, and you will soon become 
personally associated with the joy each reader feels at seeing 
yet another delightful repeat of your signature. Be sure as well 
to include a complete map of USENET with each signature, to 
show how anybody can get mail to you from any site in the 
world.  Be sure to include Internet gateways as well. Also tell 
people on your own site how to mail to you.  Give independent 
addresses for Internet, UUCP, and BITNET, even if they're all the 

The CERFnet Network Information Center (NIC) is a repository 
for many eclectic internet guides and rfc (Requests For 
Comments) from many sources, including the famous, if 
technical "Hitchhiker' s Guide to the InternetÓ. These may be 
obtained via anonymous ftp to ( Call 
the CERFnet Hotline at 800-876-CERF for assistance. California 
Education and Research Federation, c/o San Diego 
Supercomputer Center, P. O. Box 85608, San Diego, CA  92186-
9784 [email protected], 800-876-CERF or (619) 534-5087.

"Incomplete Guide to the Internet" 
The "Incomplete Guide ..." was compiled by the NCSA Education Group, 
dated September, 1992. It is also available for anonymous FTP at: in the /misc directory. 
This excellent manual is a must. It even covers SLIP connections and use 
of Eudora.
 Here are some comments from [email protected] (Chuck Farmer):
"The first half of the text is devoted to the mechanics of
telecommunications, how to connect, what to do once you are
connected, etc. The second have the manual is devoted to current
telecommunications projects, past successful projects, and resources.
The resources include FTP sites, open BBS's and networks, Free-Nets,
subscription services, and where to get more information on each
This resource was complied by the Living Lab program (NSF
funded) at NCSA as an attempt to encourage the 
proliferation of HPCC
use in the K-12 classroom. 
We welcome your comments and suggestions.
For further information: 
National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 
605 E Springfield Ave.
Champaign, IL 61820  (217) 244-6122

"Library Resources on the Internet: Strategies for Selection and 
Use"  1992. RASD Occasional Paper no. 12, selling for $18 to 
members, $20 for non-members. It can be ordered from ALA 
Order Services, 50 E. Huron, Chicago, IL 60611, 1-800-545-
2433. Electronic versions available via FTP 
ASCII file from: 
host DLA.UCOP.EDU (, directory 
host FTP.UNT.EDU (, directory pub/library, filename 
WordPerfect 5.1 file from: host HYDRA.UWO.CA (, 
directory libsoft filename

"Mining the Internet" The Net as mine metaphor is a popular 
theme. Tunneling through the network matrix in search of gems 
and ore is not far from fact. Sometimes it is hard work, and a lot 
of it is working in the dark. 

There is a guidebook called "Mining the InternetÓ, available 
from University of California at Davis. Here is how the Gold 
Country Mining Instructions begin: "Jist durn tuckered o' 
workin' eight t' five for a salary. ain't you? An' you wanna set 
out for parts unknown. You're hankerin' for an a'venture. 
Come'n then go ÔMining the Internet'  with me, father of 
Clementine (that's my darlin' ), and I'll tell you some old timey 
tales and introduce you to a new resource for students, faculty, 
and staff called wide area networking... ÔTaint goin' to hurt you 
any, and the prospect looks good for a lucky strike." "Mining the 
Internet" and "Using the Internet A&B" available from 
Computing Services, University of California, Davis, CA 95616-
8563;  (916) 752-0233. Or electronically from anonymous ftp 
from ( directory ucd.netdocs/mining.

New User' s Guide to Unique and Interesting Resources on the 
Internet 2.2. Available from NYSERNet (New York State 
Education and Research Network). It is over 145 pages and lists 
some 50 sources. OPACS, databases, information resources, and 
more. The New User's Guide is available in hard copy at the cost 
of $25.00. (NYSERNet Members: $18.00) 
It is available electronically at ( in 
the /pub/resources/guides. It is called the

NorthWestNet User Services Internet Resource Guide 
NorthWestNet has released a 300-page guide to the Internet, 
covering electronic mail, file transfer, remote login, discussion 
groups, online library catalogues, and supercomputer access.. 
Copies may be purchased for $20.00 from NorthWestNet. 
It is also available via anonymous ftp: in the 
directory nic/nwnet/user-guide.
NorthWestNet, 15400 SE 30th Place, Suite 202, Bellevue, WA  
98007 Phone: (206) 562-3000 Fax: (206) 562-4822

NSF Network Service Center (NNSC) Bolt Beranek and Newman 
Inc. 10 Moulton Street Cambridge, MA  02138 (617) 873-3400 
[email protected] NSF Internet Tour HyperCard Stack--borrow 
a Macintosh long enough to view this, worth the effort! Includes 
net history, net maps, net poetry and lore. Free. They also 
publish a very complete Internet Resource Guide ($15). Many 
items, including the HyperCard Tour to the Internet freely 
available by anonymous ftp from

CICNet Resource Guide
Over 200 pages of Internet resources, published June, 1992.
Copies  are $27.00 from CICNet, Inc. Attn Kim Schaffer, 2901 
Hubbard Pod A, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. email: [email protected]
313/998-6103 FAX 313/998-6105

"Special Internet Connections" compiled by:  Scott Yanoff This is 
an indispensable weekly list of network resources available 
using telnet and ftp. It includes a few Online Public Access 
Catalogs, chat lines, weather servers, Campus Wide Information 
Systems, and reference resources. Send e-mail to the list 
manager ( Scott Yanoff ) at: [email protected] or ftp to The filename is inet-services.

"There's Gold in Them Thar Networks! or Searching for Gold in 
all the Wrong Places" written by Jerry Martin at Ohio State 
University. This document is available via internet message to 
[email protected] Once inside the message area, give the 
following commands to retrieve the document: REQUEST:NSFNET 

"Information Sources:  the Internet and Computer-Mediated 
Compiled by John December ([email protected])
Here is part of his information file on this excellent resource:
"This document or updates are available via anonymous ftp.  
Host:, file: pub/communications/internet-cmc
PURPOSE:  to list pointers to information describing the Internet, 
computer networks, and issues related to computer-
mediated communication (CMC).  Topics of interest include the 
technical, social, cognitive, and psychological aspects of CMC.
AUDIENCE:  this file is useful for those getting started in 
understanding the Internet and CMC; 
it compactly summarizes sources of 
information for those who are already exploring these issues.
ASSUMPTIONS:  to access many information sources listed here 
you must have access to and know how to use anonymous ftp, email, 
or  USENET newsgroups.  Some files are in TeX or PostScript 
        Section -4- NEWSGROUPS
        Section -5- SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY"

How to Find out More About Discussion Lists

Thousands of discussion groups, LISTSERVs, and mail reflectors 
exist on the Internet. Here are several ways to find lists of 
interest to you.

1. LISTSERVs available from
============================================ hosts over 20 lists, including folk_music and 
PUBLIB for public librarians. Send a LIST GLOBAL command in 
an interactive message to our host. 
    For example:
    To: [email protected]

2. The SRI NIC Maintained Interest-Groups List of Lists 
This is available by FTP from  ( in 
the directory netinfo/interest-groups.
The SRI NIC list-of-lists is also available via electronic mail.
Send a message to [email protected] with the following 
line in the message body:
Send netinfo/interest-groups

    To: [email protected]
    Send netinfo/interest-groups

3.  The List of Lists
A comprehensive list-of-lists can be obtained from some larger 
host computers running LISTSERV software, by sending a LIST 
GLOBAL command in an interactive message. This will return a 
"one line per list" list of all lists known to that host as of that 
    For example:
    To: [email protected] VM1.NoDak.EDU mail

The global list can also be searched online.  For details send 
3.1 Network Accessible Database Server
Only available on the LISTSERV at VM1.NoDak.EDU) is a 
searchable interest-groups database.   
For example, to search of the databases for lists on "cats" you 
would send the following statements (copy them exactly into 
your mail message to the LISTSERV):
 //DBlook   JOB   Echo=No
 Database Search DD=Rules
 //Rules DD *
 Select cats in lists
 Select cats in intgroup
 Select cats in new-list
These statements search the global LISTSERV list of lists ("in 
lists"), and the local copy of the SRI-NIC Interest Groups ("in 
intgroup"), and the archives of the "new-list" list ("in new-list").  
Send LISTSERV the command INFO DATABASE for more 
4. The 5th Revision of the Directory of Scholarly Electronic 
This resource is available on the [email protected] or 
[email protected] and via anonymous FTP to in the library directory.
This announcement is extracted from the ACADLIST README 

This directory contains descriptions of 805  electronic 
conferences (e-conferences) on topics of interest to scholars.  E-
conference is the umbrella term that includes discussion lists, 
interest groups, e-journals, e-newsletters, Usenet newsgroups, 
forums, etc.  We have used our own judgment in deciding what 
is of scholarly interest -- and accept any advice or argument 
about our decisions.  We have placed the entries into categories 
by deciding what the *dominant* academic subject area of the 
electronic conference is.

The 5th Revision involves an attempt to make it easier to feed 
the Directory into HyperCard(TM), dBase(TM) and other 
database programs. The first step in this effort has been to use 
field labels for each part of each record.  We've also reduced the 
size of each record by trying to keep topic information between 
25-50 words (some are still bigger). Advice on this topic will be 
gratefully accepted at [email protected] 

In addition, information about editorial policy and archive 
availability and frequency have also been included in each 
record.  Where possible the information in each record has been 
checked for currency and accuracy by checking the LISTSERV 
header in the case of LISTSERV based e-conferences and 
contacting the moderators of other kinds of e-conferences.

The field labels are as follows:
LN: (e-conference name)
TI: (topic information)
SU: (subscription information)
ED: (edited? Yes or No)
AR: (archived?  if Yes, frequency, private=subscribers only)
MO: (moderator, editor, listowner, manager, coordinator, etc.)
IA: ('official' institutional affiliation)

Topic descriptions are taken in whole or part from the 
descriptions provided by each listowner, editor, moderator or 
coordinator to the New-List, the List of Lists, and the Internet 
Interest Groups file.

Any errors are the responsibility of the compiler of the 
Electronic Conferences for Academics Files.  If you can provide 
corrections or additional information about any of these 
electronic conferences, please contact:

Diane Kovacs
(Bitnet)  [email protected]
(Internet) [email protected]
4.1. These files are available on the Directory of Scholarly E-
ACADLIST README  (explanatory notes for the Directory)
ACADSTCK HQX     (binhexed, self-decompressing, HyperCard 
Stack of
                 entire Directory - Keyword searchable)
ACADLIST FILE1   (Anthropology- Education)
ACADLIST FILE2   (Geography-Library and Information Science)
ACADLIST FILE3   (Linguistics-Political Science)
ACADLIST FILE4   (Psychology-Writing)
ACADLIST FILE5   (Biological sciences)
ACADLIST FILE6   (Physical sciences -now includes Academic 
Computing and Computer Science)
ACADLIST FILE7   (business, Academia, news)
ACADWHOL HQX     (binhexed self-decompressing Macintosh 
M.S. Word 4.0 document of all 7 directories)
ACADLIST.CHANGES (Major additions and deletions)
4.2. How to retrieve the above files via mail
1. Send an e-mail message addressed to [email protected] or
[email protected]
2. Leave the subject and other info lines blank.
3. The message must read:
GET Filename Filetype
(e.g.,filename=ACADLIST filetype=FILE1 or HQX or whatever)
4. The files will be sent to you and you must receive them.
5. If you need assistance receiving, etc. contact your local
Computer Services people
4.3. How to retrieve the files via anonymous FTP (File Transfer 
1. when prompted for 'USERID,' type   ANONYMOUS.
2. Your password will be your actual userid on your local 
3. Type:  cd library
4. Type:  GET Filename.Filetype
(e.g., filename=ACADLIST filetype=FILE1 or HQX or whatever)
5. The files will be transferred directly into the directory you
ftp'ed from at your site.

 5. New Lists and List Changes
New lists are being started every day, and old ones fade away. 
To find out about these changes, join the NEW-LIST mailing. 
Here is part of their welcome message: 

"The "NEW-LIST" list  has  been  established as a central 
address to  post announcements of  new public mailing lists. In 
addition, "NEW-LIST"  might be used as a final verification 
before establishing a list (to check for existing lists on the same 
topic, etc.). However, be sure to check sources such as the 
Internet List-of-Lists (SIGLIST or INTEREST-GROUPS list), 
LISTSERV GROUPS, and the LISTS database  on the  major  
LISTSERVs (we have the LISTS database on NDSUVM1).
  We will gladly rebroadcast New List announcements, final list 
proposals (to avoid conflicts or redundancy), or emergency  
announcements about the availability of some list.
  You may leave the list at any time by sending a "SIGNOFF 
NEW-LIST" command to [email protected] Please  
note that this command  must NOT be sent to the list address 
([email protected]) but to the LISTSERV address 
([email protected]).
  More information on LISTSERV commands can be found in the  
"General Introduction guide", which you can retrieve by sending 
an "INFO  GENINTRO" command to 
[email protected]"

6. List Review Service 
These folks subscribe to and monitor a list for awhile and then 
report on it to everyone else. It's a great idea and a useful way 
to "sample" a list.
Here is a typical post. Email its author to be added to the List 
Review Service list.

"LIST REVIEW SERVICE         ISSN: 1060-8192
Vol. 1, No. 7      DTS-L (Dead Teachers Society) 24 FEB. 1992 
Published bi-weekly, when school is in session, by The 
University of Missouri, St. Louis Libraries. Raleigh C. Muns, 
Name of List Reviewed: DTS-L 
Location: [email protected] (Bitnet)
Listowner: Scott Anderson BITNET: [email protected]
Number of Subscribers:        
109 users in 8 countries
90% USA
Period Monitored:             18 FEB. 92 - 24 FEB. 92
Messages Posted:              14 
Number of Queries Posted: 03  (21 % of total activity) 
Number of Non-queries Posted: 11  (89 % of total activity)
Lines Sent (w/o headers):      201 (app. 9 screens of 23 lines)
Searchable Archives:          Yes
A feeling of warm fuzziness stole over me as I monitored this 
low- key list with the cute name.  This is not a list for the 
intellectual, research-oriented, high-powered network guru.  
Most Internet/BITNET activity is heavily slanted towards 
higher education academics and (usually) technically oriented 
professionals. This list, however, is the ONLY list so far where I 
have encountered actual high school teachers (what I like to 
refer to as "real-world types"). This is not to say that the 
participants are unintellectual, but the environment, the very 
FEEL of the list, is more relaxed than the academic lists I have 
encountered to date.
The most interesting message posted was from Anne Pemberton 
of Nottoway High School, Nottoway, VA 
([email protected]) who has secured 
computer network access for her students.  She is seeking 
expert e-correspondents (not "keypals" as she puts it) to be 
intellectual resources for students in the class.  This crack in the 
ivory tower ghetto of most computer network activity holds 
fascinating promise and, hopefully, is a portent of even more 
change in network activity (as if there isn't currently enough 
volatility in cyberspace!).
As a subscriber, one becomes only "an associate member of the 
Society of Dead Teachers."  By subscribing to the list, you will 
receive information on how to become a full member.
-R. Muns
1)     Identify uses for Internet/BITNET in secondary schools.
2)     Contact tool for education practitioners.
3)     Contact tool for high school students.
4)     Empathic environment for shy LISTSERV subscribers.
Send an e-mail message with blank subject line to:

     [email protected]

Message should consist solely of:

     SUBSCRIBE DTS-L your_name

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = END REVIEW = = = = = = = = = =
Copying is permitted for noncommercial use by computerized 
bulletin board/conference systems, individual scholars, and 
libraries. Libraries are authorized to add these reviews to their 
collections at no cost.  This message must appear on copied 
material.  All commercial use requires permission.
Opinions expressed are solely those of the reviewer and do not 
represent the views of the University of Missouri, St. Louis.
Copyright 1992. Raleigh C. Muns (Reference Librarian) Thomas 
Jefferson Library, University of Missouri, St. Louis 8001 Natural 
Bridge Road, St. Louis, MO 63121 (ph:(314) 553-5059) BITNET 
ADDRESS: [email protected]

Internet Library Guides 

Three different Internet library guides are available to help 
both beginning and experienced OPAC users. 

Art St. George's Internet-Accessible Library Catalogs and 
Databases includes directions for Internet libraries and Campus 
Wide Information Systems as well as dialup libraries and 
bulletin boards in the United States. Available from:  /LIBRARY INTERNET.LIBRARY 

Billy Barron's Accessing On-line Bibliographic Databases 
contains a number of useful features such as guides to local 
OPAC escape sequences and commands.FTP to 

Dana Noonan's  A Guide to Internet/Bitnet comes in two parts. Part two is
about Internet Libraries. It is an easy to use guide to many national and
international OPACS and their login and use instructions. 
(available via anonymous ftp ftp then cd NNEWS  
(although nnews may not show up on the directory menu, it works.
A printed version is available for $10 from Metronet.
For more information:
Metronet, 226 Metro Square Building, Seventh and Robert Streets
St. Paul, Minnesota 55101 (612) 224-4801
FAX (612) 224-4827 

Must-have Books for the Internet Surfer 

Kehoe, Brendan. (1993). Zen and the Art of the Internet: a 
Beginner's Guide (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.  
The first edition is available for free from many FTP sites. (see 
below) This version has about 30 pages of new material and 
corrects various minor errors in the first edition. Includes the 
story of the Coke Machine on the Internet. For much of late 
1991 and the first half of 1992, this was the document of choice 
for learning about the Internet. ISBN 0-13-010778-6. Index. 

To ftp Zen: [] in /inet/doc 
[] in pub/zen [] in 
pub/zen as zen-1.0.tar.Z, zen-1.0.dvi, and zen-1.0.PS 
[] in pub/nic as zen-1.0.PS If you're limited to 
UUCP, you can get it anonymously by calling UUNET at 
900/GOT-SRCS and get the file /inet/doc/FILES.

Krol, Ed. (1992). The Whole Internet User's Guide & Catalog. 
Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly & Associates.  
Comprehensive guide to how the network works, the domain 
name system, acceptable use, security, and other issues. 
Chapters on telnet/remote login, File Transfer Protocol, and 
electronic mail explain error messages, special situations, and 
other arcana. Archie, Gopher, NetNews, WAIS, WWW, and 
troubleshooting each enjoy a chapter in this well-written book. 
Appendices contain info on how to get connected in addition to 
a glossary. ISBN 1-56592-025-2. $24.95

LaQuey, Tracey, & Ryer, J. C. (1993). The Internet Companion: a 
Beginner's Guide to Global Networking. Reading, MA: Addison-
Beginning with a foreword by Vice-President Elect Al Gore, this 
book provides an often- humorous explanation of the origins of 
the Internet, acceptable use, basics of electronic mail, 
netiquette, online resources, transferring information, and 
finding email addresses. The In the Know guide provides 
background on Internet legends (Elvis sightings is one), 
organizations, security issues, and how to get connected. 
Bibliography. Index. ISBN 0-201-62224-6 $10.95

Tennant, Roy, Ober, J., & Lipow, A. G. (1993). Crossing the 
Internet Threshold: An Instructional Handbook. Berkeley, CA: 
Library Solutions Press.  
A cookbook to run your own Internet training sessions. Real-
world examples. Foreword by Cliff Lynch. Library Solutions 
Institute and Press
2137 Oregon Street Berkeley, CA 94705   
Phone:(510) 841-2636  Fax: (510) 841-2926
ISBN: 1-882208-01-3 $45.00


Matrix News, the monthly newsletter edited by John S. 
Quarterman. Subscriptions are $30 per year. Matrix News, 
Matrix Information & Directory Services, Inc. (MIDS) 1120 
South Capitol of Texas Highway, Building 2, Suite 300 Austin, TX 
78746 (512) 329-1087 FAX: (512) 327-1274 [email protected]


Coalition for Networked Information
 1527 New Hampshire Ave., 
NW, Washington, DC  20036 
(202) 232-2466 FAX: (202) 462-7849 
[email protected]

CPSR  Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility 
PO Box 717 
Palo Alto, CA 94302 
415) 322-3778 FAX: (415) 322-3798 
[email protected]

EFF The Electronic Frontier Foundation, Inc. 
155 Second St., 
Cambridge, MA 02141 
(617) 864-1550 FAX: (617) 864-0866 
[email protected]

NSF National Science Foundation 
1800 G Street NW, Washington, 
DC 20550 (202) 472-5108