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*                                                                           *
*                MOTOROLA USERS AND PROGRAMMING GUIDES                      *
*                           By Mike Larsen                         01/23/95 *
*                                                                           *

        Following the programming text are additional files from several
people on hacking the FOVC and cable specs for all Motorola phones.  If you
have any corrections or additional information to be added to this text, 
please E-mail me at:

        [email protected]
        [email protected]

    WHAT THE HELL IS THE TRICK CLIP?  Someone send me what you have on it.

        Before going in to the programming of the cellular phone, it is
important for the user to know the normal things necessary for day to day
operation.  While the majority of the stuff in the users manual is intended
for people that have problems programming their VCR, their are a few things
that are very important and are only mentioned in the users manual.

                          Turn On: [Pwr]
                           Unlock: Three digit unlock code.  If you make an 
                                   error, [Clr] and enter again.
                       Place Call: Enter number, [Snd]
                     Receive Call: [Snd] or open flip fone
                         End Call: [End] or close flip fone
                     Store Number: Phone number, [Sto], 2-digit location number
                    Recall Number: [Rcl], 2-digit location number
              Super Speed Dialing: Directory location number, [Snd]
                 Changing Entries: Press [Rcl] and the 2-digit location number 
                                   so that the number to be changed is 
                                   displayed.  Press and release [Clr] to back 
                                   out each of the digits. Enter a new number 
                                   and press [Sto].
            Call Number Displayed: [Snd]
                Microphone Muting: Press [Fcn], [6].  
                                   To unmute, press [Fcn], [6]
                        Lock Unit: [Fcn], [5] or [LOCK]
              Display Unlock Code: Press [Fcn], [0], your six-digit security
                                   code, [Rcl].
        Changing Your Unlock Code: Press [Fcn], [0], your six-digit security
                                   code, your NEW 3-digit unlock code, [Sto].
             Review Battery Meter: Press [Fcn], [4] and release.
                    Adjust Volume: Earpiece - Press and hold [Vol] to increase.
                                              Release, press again to decrease.
                                     Ringer - [Fcn], then Vol as above.
          Recall Last Number Used: [Rcl], [0], [0]
          Recall Own Phone Number: [Rcl], [#]
            Individual Call Timer: [Rcl], [#], [#]
            Resettable Call Timer: [Rcl], [#], [#], [#]
      Reset Resettable Call Timer: [Fcn], [0], [7], [Clr]
            Cumulative Call Timer: [Rcl], [#], [#], [#], [#]
                  Access Features: Press [Fcn], [1].  To change features, press
                                   [*] and [#] to scroll and [Clr] to change.
                                   To exit feature menu, press [END].
      Review/Scroll Menu Features: Press [*] or [#]
                    Status Review: [Fcn], [0], [9], [Rcl], [#] or [*] scrolls 
                                   messages.  To end press [END].
             Changing System Type: Press [Rcl], [*].  Repeatedly press [*] 
                                   until the desired system type appears.  To
                                   select press [Sto].
       Outgoing Call Restrictions: Press [Fcn], [0], 6-digit security code, 
                                   [1], [Sto].  Phone will place calls only
                                   from memory locations 1-10.
                                   To change back to unrestricted dialing
                                   press [Fcn], [0], 6-digit security code,
                                   [4], [Sto].

        I would like to add that while I have extensively worked on finding
additional test mode commands, I (and anyone else) have never worked with the
normal operation commands as listed above.  For example, above you will  
notice sequences with [Fcn], [1] or [Fcn], [0], [7].  This is totally
unexplored teritory.  Happy hacking :) 


NOTES:  Some units have dual NAM's.
        The ESN prefix is 130 decimal, 82 hex.
        Motorola: 1-800-331-6456

There are MANY different models of Motorola phones sold under various
brand names, if you think it's a Motorola, it probably is.

Determine which access sequence to use:


If the phone has a FCN button and no MENU button use sequence 1.
If the phone has no FCN button use sequence 2.
If the phone has a MENU button and a FCN button use sequence 4.


If the phone has no FCN button and no RCL button use sequence 3.
If the phone has a FCN button use sequence 4.
If the phone has a MEM button use sequence 5.
If the phone has a RCL button and no FCN button use sequence 6.


3             CTL 0 (SECURITY CODE TWICE) *

The default security code is 000000.  The CTL (control) button is the
single black button on the side of the handset.

NAM programing:

1.  Turn the power on.

2.  Within ten seconds enter the access sequence as determined above.

3.  The phone should now show "01" in the left of the display, this is the
    first programing entry step number.  If it does not the security code
    is incorrect, or the programing lock-out counter has been exceeded.  In
    either case you can still program the unit by following the steps under

4.  The * key is used to increment each step:

    Each time you press * the display will increment from the step number,
    displayed on the left, to the data stored in that step, displayed on
    the right.  When the data is displayed make any necessary changes and
    press * to increment to the next step number.

5.  The SND key is used to complete and exit programing when any STEP
    NUMBER is displayed.

    If you have enabled the second phone number bit in step 10 below then
    pressing SND will switch to NAM 2.  Steps 01 thru 06, 09 and 10 will
    repeat for NAM 2, the step number will be followed by a "2" to indicate
    NAM two.

5.  The CLR key will revert the display to the previously stored data.

6.  The # key will abort programing at any time.



01       00000 - 32767       SYSTEM ID
02       3 DIGITS            AREA CODE
03       7 DIGITS            TEL NUMBER
04       2 DIGITS            STATION CLASS MARK
05       2 DIGITS            ACCESS OVERLOAD CLASS
06       2 DIGITS            GROUP ID (10 IN USA)
07       6 DIGITS            SECURITY CODE
08       3 DIGITS            LOCK CODE
09       0333 OR 0334        INITIAL PAGING CHANNEL


Take care with Motorola's use of "0" and "1".  Some options use "0" to
enable, some use "1".

1.  This is a 6 digit binary field used to select the following options:

    Digit 1:  Internal handset speaker, 0 to enable.
    Digit 2:  Local Use Mark, 0 or 1.
    Digit 3:  MIN Mark, 0 or 1.
    Digit 4:  Auto Recall, always set to 1 (enabled).
    Digit 5:  Second phone number (not all phones), 1 to enable.
    Digit 6:  Diversity (Two antennas, not all phones), 1 to enable.

2.  This is a 3 digit binary field used to select the following options:

    Digit 1:  Continuous DTMF, 1 to enable.
    Digit 2:  Transportable Ringer/Speaker, 0=Transducer, 1=Handset.
    Digit 3:  8 hour time out in transportable mode, 0 to enable.

On newer models, they have added and changed some numbers.  The numbers
as of the 3/27/92 manual are as follows:

1.  The 6 digit binary field is still the same.  

2.  The 3 digit binary field has become a 5 digit binary field.
    Digit 1:  Failed Page Indicator                        1=Disabled;0=Enabled
    Digit 2:  Motorola Enhanced Scan                       1=Enabled; 0=Disabled
    Digit 3:  Long Tone DTMF                               1=Enabled; 0=Disabled
    Digit 4:  Transportable Internal Ringer Speaker        1=Handset; 0=Transdcr
    Digit 5:  Eight Hour Timeout                           1=Disabled;0=Enabled

                              TEST MODE ACCESS:


To enter test mode on units with software version 85 and higher you must
short pins 20 and 21 of the transceiver data connector.  An RS232 break out
box is useful for this, or construct a test mode adaptor from standard
Radio Shack parts.

For MINI TR or Silver Mini Tac transceivers (smaller data connector) you
can either short pins 9 and 14 or simply use a paper clip to short the
hands free microphone connector.


There are two basic types of Motorola portable phones, the Micro-Tac series
"Flip" phones, and the larger 8000 and Ultra Classic phones.  Certain newer
Motorola and Pioneer badged Micro-Tac phones do not have a "flip", but
follow the same procedure as the Micro-Tac.


If you have an 8000 series phone determine the "type" before trying to
enter test mode.  On the back of the phone, or on the bottom in certain
older models, locate the F09... number this is the series number.  If the
FOURTH digit of this number is a "D" you CAN NOT program the unit through
test mode, a Motorola RTL4154/RTL4153 programer is required to make any
changes to this unit.

Having determined that you do not have a "D" series phone the following
procedure is used to access test mode:

Remove the battery from the phone and locate the 12 contacts at the top
near the antenna connector.  These contacts are numbered 1 through 12 from
top left through bottom right.  Pin 6, top right, is the Manual Test Mode
Pin. You must ground this pin while powering up the phone.  Pin 7 (lower
left) or the antenna connector should be used for ground.  Follow one of
these procedures to gain access to pin 6:

1.  The top section of the battery that covers the contacts contains
nothing but air.  By careful measuring you can drill a small hole in the
battery to gain access to pin 6, alternately simply cut the top off the
battery with a hack saw.  Having gained access use a paper clip to short
pin six to the antenna connector ground while powering up the phone.

2.  If you do not want to "destroy" a battery you can apply an external 7.5
volts to the + and - connectors at the bottom of the phone, ground pin 6
while powering up the phone as above.

3.  You can also try soldering or jamming a small jumper between pins 6 and
7 (top right to lower left), or between pin 6 and the antenna connector
housing ground.  Carefully replace the battery and power up the phone.  Use
caution with this method not to short out any other pin.

4.  A cigarette lighter adaptor, if you have one, also makes a great test
mode adaptor as it can be disassembled to give you easier access to pin 6.
Many are pre marked, or even have holes in the right location.  This is
because they are often stamped from the same mold that the manufacturer
uses for making hands free adaptor kits and these kits require access to
the phone's connectors.


This phone follows similar methods as outlined for the 8000 series above.

Remove the battery and locate the three contacts at the bottom of the
phone, the two outer contacts are raised and connect with the battery.  The
center contact is recessed, this is the Manual Test Mode connector.

Now look at the battery contacts, the two outer ones supply power to the
phone, the center contact is an "extra" ground.  This ground needs to be
shorted to the test mode connector on the phone.  The easiest way to do
this is to put a small piece of solder wick, wire, aluminum foil or any
other conductive material into the recess on the phone.  Having done this
carefully replace the battery and turn on the power, if you have been
successful the phone will wake up in test mode.


HANDSETS:  Most Motorola handsets are interchangeable, when a handset is
used with a transceiver other than the one it was designed for the display
will show "LOANER".  Some features and buttons may not work, for instance
if the original handset did not have a RCL or STO button, and the
replacement does, you will have to use the control * or control # sequence
to access memory and A/B system select procedures.


     Phones with "LOCK" buttons:  Press lock for at least 1/2 a second.

     Phones with a "FCN" button:  Press FCN 5, note that 5 has the letter's
                                  "J,K, and L" for lock.

     Phones with no FCN or LOCK button:  Press Control 5, control is the black
                                         volume button on the side of the


     Phones with a RCL button:  Press RCL *, then * to select, STO to store.

     Phones with no RCL button: Press Control * then * to select, # to store.

     Options are:    CSCAn:    Preferred/Non preferred with system lockout.
                     Std A/b, or Std b/A:  Preferred/Non preferred.
                     SCAn Ab, or SCAn bA:  Non preferred/Preferred
                     SCAn A:  "A" ONLY
                     SCAn b:  "B" ONLY
                     HOME:     Home only

     (these are typical options, some phone's vary.  C-Scan is only available 
     on newer models and does not appear unless programed, see below.)

                                 TEST MODE
    Taken from the July 1993 Cellular Subscriber Technical Training Manual
    Item# 68P09300A60-C and the Curtis Namfax vol.4.  I believe this is a
    complete listing of all the commands that were ever possible.  This 
    includes old phones and the new ones.  If there are two entries for a
    particular number, the first one is the current command and the second
    is for older models.

NOTE: Not all commands work on all telephones.  If a command is not valid the
      display will show "ErrOr."  Not all numbers have been assigned.  Not all
      numbers have been listed here.  Some commands were intended only for
      Motorola factory applications.   (This is the disclaimer in the
      technical training manual.  I have included all of the other commands I 
      have discovered one way or another.  I do believe this is a complete list
      of the commands.)

Three test commands are significant for programming and registering the
the telephone for service:  see full descriptions under TEST MODE COMMANDS.

32#  Clears the telephone.  (Older Motorola allowed either three or fifteen 
changes in the MIN.  After that, the phone had to be sent to Motorola to reset 
the counter.  This is the command they use.) 

38#  Displays the ESN

55#  This is the TEST MODE PROGRAMMING (as described below).

                          TEST MODE COMMANDS:

#    Enter Test Command Mode

00#  no function

01#  Restart (Re-enter DC power start-up routine.)  On TDMA telephones, this
     command has the same effect as pressing the PWR button.

02#  Display Current Telephone Status (This is a non-altering version of the
     STATUS DISPLAY.  On a 14 character display, all the information is shown.
     On a 7 character display only the information on the second line of a 14
     character display is shown.  On a 10 character display, all the 
     information on the second line of a 14 charcter display plus the last 
     three characters of the first line are shown.)

     AAA BBB   AAA = Channel Number (decimal)    BBB = RSSI reading for channel
     CDEFGHI   are as follows:

     C = SAT frequency (0=5970, 1=6000, 2=6030, 3=no channel lock)
     D = Carrier (0=off, 1=on)
     E = Signalling tone (0=off, 1=on)
     F = Power attenuation level (0 through 7)
     G = Channel mode (0=voice channel, 1=control channel)
     H = Receive audio mute (0=unmuted, 1=muted)
     I = Transmit audio mute (0=unmuted, 1=muted)

     Press * to hold display and # to end.

03#  Reset Autonomous Timer.   This command results in the reset of the 
     autonomous timer but does not provide any test function on these models.

04#  Initializes Telephone to Standard Default Conditions:
     Carrier Off, Power Level 0, Receiver Audio Muted, Transmit Audio Muted,
     Signalling Tone Off, SAT Off, Resetting of Watch-Dog Timer Enabled, 
     DTMF and Audio Tones Off, Audio Path Set to Speaker

05#  TX Carrier On (Key Transmitter)

06#  TX Carrier Off

07#  RX Audio Off (Mute Receiver Audio)

08#  RX Audio On (Unmute Receiver Audio)

09#  TX Audio Off

10#  TX Audio On

11(Ch.No.)# Set Tranceiver to Channel xxxx (Receive and Transmit in Decimal;
            accepts 1, 2, 3, or 4 digits)

12x# Set Power Step to x; (0,1-7) 0=Maximum Power (3 Watts) 7=Minimum Power Out

13#  Power Off (Shuts off the radio)

14#  10 kHz Signalling Tone On

15#  10 kHz Signalling Tone Off

16#  Setup  (Transmits a five word RECC message; each of the five words will 
     be "FF00AA55CC33."  Transmitter de-keys at the end of the message.)

17#  Voice  (Transmits a two word REVC message; each of the two words will be
     "FF00AA55CC33."  Transmitter de-keys at the end of the message.)

18#  C-Scan  (Allows for entry of as many as 5 negative SID's for each NAM.)

     Newer Motorola phones are equipped with a feature called C-Scan, this is 
     an option along with the standard A/B system selections.  C-Scan allows 
     the phone to be programed with up to five inhibited system ID's per NAM.  
     This is designed to prevent the phone from roaming onto specified non-home
     systems and therefore reduce "accidental" roaming fees.

     1.  C-Scan can only be programed from test mode, power phone up with the
         relevant test mode contact grounded (see above).

     2.  Press # to access test mode.

     3.  Press 18#, the phone will display "0    40000".

     4.  Enter the first inhibited system ID and press *.

     Continue to enter additional system ID's if required.  After the 5th entry
     the phone will display "N2". Press * to continue and add system ID's for
     NAM 2 as required.

     5.  If an incorrect entry is made (outside the range of 00000-32767) the
         display will not advance, press CLR and re-enter.  Use a setting of
         40000 for any un-needed locations.

     6.  When the last entry has been made press * to store and press # to exit,
         turn off power.

     [**Phones without the C-Scan option used this command to SEND NAM.**]

18#  SEND NAM.  Display shows AA BB.  Where AA=Address and BB=Data.  Displays   
     the contents of the NAM, one address at a time, advanced by pressing the
     * key.  The following data is contained in NAM.  The test is exited by
     depressing the # key.
     SIDH                 Sec. Code
     OPT. (1,2,&3)        MIN
     MIN1, MIN2           FCHNA
     SCM                  FCHNB
     IPCH                 NDED
     ACCOLC               CHKSUM       GIM

19#  Display Software Version Number  (4 digits displayed as year and week)

NOTE:  Entering commands 20# through 23# or 27# causes the tranceiver to begin
       a counting sequence or continous transmission as described below.  In
       order to exit from the commands to enter another test command, the # 
       key must be depressed; all other key depressions are ignored.

20#  Receive control channel messages counting correctable and uncorrectable
     errors.  When the command starts, the number of the command will be 
     displayed in the upper-right corner of the display.  Entering a # key
     will terminate the command and display two three-digit numbers in the 
     display.  The first number is the number of correctable errors and the
     second is the uncorrectable errors.

21#  Received voice channel messages counting correctable and uncorrectable
     errors.  When the command starts, the number of the command will be 
     displayed in the upper right-hand corner of the display.  Entering a # 
     key terminates the command and will display two three-digit numbers in 
     display.  The first is the number of correctable errors and the second 
     is the uncorrectable errors.

22#  Receive control channel messages counting word sync sequence.  When the
     command starts, the number of the command will be displayed in the upper
     right-hand corner of the display.  Entering a # key will terminate the
     command and display the number of word sync sequences in the display.

23#  Receive voice channel messages counting word sync sequences.  When the
     command starts, the number of the command will be displayed in the upper
     right-hand corner of the display.  Entering a # key will terminate the 
     command and display the number of word sync sequences in the display.

24#  Receive control channel data and display the majority voted busy/idle
     bit.  0=idle  1=busy

25x# SAT On         When                        x=0, SAT=5970HZ
                                                x=1, SAT=6000HZ
                                                x=2, SAT=6030HZ

26#  SAT Off

27#  Transmit Data  (Transmits continuous control channel data.  All words 
     will be "FF00AA55CC33."  When the command starts, '27' will be displayed
     in the right side of the display.  Entering a # key will terminate the
     command.  The transmitter de-keys when finished.)

28#  Activate the high tone (1150 Hz +/- 55 Hz)

29#  De-activate the high tone

30#  Activate the low tone (770 Hz +/- 40 Hz)

31#  De-activate the low tone

32#  Clear (Sets non-volatile memory to zeroes or factory default.  This 
     command will affect all counters, all repertory memory including the last
     number called stack, and all user programmable features including the
     setting of System Registration.  It does not affect the ESN, NAM, phasing
     data, or lock code.  This takes a minute or so.  DO NOT TURN OFF THE 

33x# Turn on DTMF for x  (1-9, *, 0, #, plus the single tones)     
        Where x=1    697 Hz + 1209 Hz       10  697 Hz
                2    697 Hz + 1336 Hz       11  770 Hz
                3    697 Hz + 1477 Hz       12  852 Hz
                4    770 Hz + 1209 Hz       13  941 Hz
                5    770 Hz + 1336 Hz       14  1150 Hz (not used in cellular)
                6    770 Hz + 1477 Hz       15  1209 Hz 
                7    852 Hz + 1209 Hz       16  1336 Hz
                8    852 Hz + 1336 Hz       17  1477 Hz
                9    852 Hz + 1477 Hz       18  1633 Hz (not used in cellular)
                *    941 Hz + 1209 Hz
                0    941 Hz + 1336 Hz
                #    941 Hz + 1477 Hz

34#  Turn DTMF Off

35#  Display RSSI ("D" Series Portable Only)


35x# Set Audio Path to x    x=0, V.S.P Microphone (Applies to mobiles only.)
                            x=1, Speaker
                            x=2, Alert
                            x=3, Handset
                            x=4, Mute
                            x=5, External Telephone (Applies to Portables Only)
                            x=6, External Handset (Applies to NEWER Portables)

36nnn# Scan (TDMA Telephones only.  Scans the primary control channels and 
     attempts to decipher the forward data stream.  The display will show PASS1
     if the strongest control channel was accessed, PASS2 if the second 
     strongest was accessed, and FAIL if no control channel could be accessed.)

     (nnn=Scan speed in milliseconds).  Tunes from channel 1 to 666 in order.
     Entering a * pauses the scan and displays current Channel Number and
     RSSI reading (AAA=Channel Number and BBB=RSSI Reading).  When scan speed
     is 300 milliseconds or greater, the current status is displayed during the
     scan; when less than 300 milliseconds the status is displayed only during
     pause.  Entering * during a pause causes the scan to resume.  Entering #
     aborts the scan and leaves the mobile tuned to the current channel.  During
     this command only the * and # keys are recognized.

37#  ?  

38#  Display ESN (Displays ESN in four steps, two hexadecimal digits at a time
     in a for digit display.  The decimal shows the address, 00 through 03 as
     the first two digits, and two digits of the ESN as the last two digits.
     Use the 'G' to step through the entire hexadecimal ESN.)

     Compander OFF ("D" Series Portables)


38#  SND-SNM.  Display shows AA BB.  Where AA=Address;BB=Data.  Send the SNM
     to the display.  All 32 bytes of the SNM will be displayed, one byte at 
     a time.  The byte address will be displayed in the upper right-hand
     corner and the contents of that address will be displayed in the hex.  
     The * key is used to step through the address similar to the SEND-NAM
     (18#) command.

39#  Compander ON ("D" Series Portables)


39#  RCVSU.  Receive one control channel word.  When the word is received it
     is displayed in hex.  This command will be complete when a control channel 
     word is received or when the # key is entered to abort the command.

40#  RCVVC.  Receive one voice channel word.  When the word is received it is
     displayed in hex.  This command will be complete when a voice channel
     word is received or when the # key is entered to abort the command.

41#  Enables Diversity (On F19CTA... Series only.)

42#  Disables Diversity (On F19CTA... Series only.)

43#  Disable Diversity
     USE T/R ANTENNA (On F19CTA... Series only.)  
     USE R ANTENNA (On D.M.T./ Mini TAC)

44#  Disable Diversity
     USE R ANTENNA (On F19CTA... Series only.)  
     USE T/R ANTENNA (On D.M.T./ Mini TAC) 

45#  Display Current RSSI (Displayed as a three-digit decimal number)   

46#  Display Cumulative Call Timer

47x# Set RX Audio level to X
     (For F19CTA ...Series Tranceivers) 
                                       X=0, Lowest Volume
                                       X=6, Highest Volume
                                       X=7, mute
                                       Normal setting is 4.
     (For D.M.T./ Mini TAC Tranceivers)
                                       X=0, Lowest Volume
                                       X=7, Highest Volume
                                       Normal setting is 4.
     (For TDMA Tranceivers and F09F... Series and Higher Portables)
                                       X=0, Lowest Volume
                                       X=15, Highest Volume
                                       Normal setting is 2 to 4.  (On TDMA
                                       Tranceivers and Micro TAC portables, 
                                       settings 8 through 15 are for DTMF
                                       applications only.)

48#  Side Tone On.  Use this command in conjunction with 350# to test the 
     entire audio path in hands-free applications.

49#  Side Tone Off

50#  Maintenance data is transmitted and test results displayed:
     PASS=received data is correct
     FAIL 1=2second timeout, no data rec.
     FAIL 2=received data is incorrect

51#  Test of mobile where maintenance data is transmitted and looped back.  
     Display is as follows:
     PASS=looped-back data is correct
     FAIL 1=2 second timeout, no looped-back data
     FAIL 2=looped-back data is incorrect

52x# SAT Phase Adjustment.  A decimal value that corresponds to phase shift
     compensation in 4.5 degree increments.  Compensation added to inherent
     phase shift in tranceiver to achieve a total of 0 degrees phase shift.

     Do NOT enter any values except those shown below.

     0 degrees = 0          121.5 degrees = 59           243.0 degrees = 86
     4.5       = 1          126.0         = 60           247.5         = 87
     9.0       = 2          130.5         = 61           252.0         = 112
     13.5      = 3          135.0         = 62           256.5         = 113
     18.0      = 4          139.5         = 63           261.0         = 114
     22.5      = 5          144.0         = 40           265.5         = 115
     27.0      = 6          148.5         = 41           270.0         = 116
     31.5      = 7          153.0         = 42           274.5         = 117
     36.0      = 16         157.5         = 43           279.0         = 118
     40.5      = 17         162.0         = 44           283.5         = 119
     45.0      = 18         166.5         = 45           288.0         = 120
     49.5      = 19         171.0         = 46           292.5         = 121
     54.0      = 20         175.5         = 47           297.0         = 122
     58.5      = 21         180.0         = 64           301.5         = 123
     63.0      = 22         184.5         = 65           306.0         = 124
     67.5      = 23         189.0         = 66           310.5         = 125
     72.0      = 48         193.5         = 67           315.0         = 126
     76.5      = 49         198.0         = 68           319.5         = 127
     81.0      = 50         202.5         = 69           324.0         = 104
     85.5      = 51         207.0         = 70           328.5         = 105
     90.0      = 52         211.5         = 71           333.0         = 106
     94.5      = 53         216.0         = 80           337.5         = 107
     99.0      = 54         220.5         = 81           342.0         = 108
     103.5     = 55         225.0         = 82           346.5         = 109
     108.0     = 56         229.5         = 83           351.0         = 110
     112.5     = 57         234.0         = 84           355.5         = 111
     117.0     = 58         238.5         = 85           360.0         = 70
53#  Enable scrambler option, when equipped.

54#  Disable scrambler option, when equipped.

55#  Display/Program N.A.M. (Test Mode Programming)


     Assuming you have completed one of the above steps correctly the phone
     will wake up in test mode when you turn the power on.  When you first
     access test mode the phone's display will alternate between various status
     information that includes the received signal strength and channel number.
     The phone will operate normally in this mode.  You can now access Service
     Mode by pressing the # key, the display will clear and a ' will appear.
     Use the following procedure to program the phone:

     1.  Enter 55# to access programing mode.

     2.  The * key advances to the next step.  (NOTE that test mode programing
         does NOT have step numbers, each time you press the * key the phone 
         will display the next data entry).

     3.  The CLR key will revert the display to the previously stored data.

     4.  The # key aborts programing at any time.

     5.  To complete programing you must scroll through ALL entries until a '
         appears in the display.

     6.  Note that some entries contain more digits than can be displayed by the
         phone, in this case only the last part of the data can be seen.



     01       00000 - 32767       SYSTEM ID
     03       10 DIGITS           MIN (AREA CODE & TEL#)
     04       2 DIGITS            STATION CLASS MARK
     05       2 DIGITS            ACCESS OVERLOAD CLASS
     06       2 DIGITS            GROUP ID (10 IN USA)
     07       6 DIGITS            SECURITY CODE
     08       3 DIGITS            LOCK CODE
     09       3 DIGITS            SERVICE LEVEL (LEAVE AT 004)
     12       0333 OR 0334        INITIAL PAGING CHANNEL
     13       0333                "A" SYSTEM IPCH
     14       0334                "B" SYSTEM IPCH
     15       3 DIGIT             NUMBER PAGING CHANNEL (021 IN USA)

     Steps 01 through 06 and 12 will repeat for NAM 2 if the second phone 
     number bit has been enabled in step 11.


     Take care with Motorola's use of "0" and "1".  Some options use "0" to
     enable, some use "1".

     These are eight digit binary fields used to select the following options:

     1.  (step 02 above, suggested entry is: 11101001 for "A" system, 10101001
         for "B" sys)

         Digit 1: Local use mark, 0 or 1.
         Digit 2: Preferred system, 0 or 1.
         Digit 3: End to end (DTMF) dialing, 1 to enable.
         Digit 4: Not used, enter 0.
         Digit 5: Repertory (speed) dialing, 1 to enable.
         Digit 6: Auxiliary (horn) alert, 1 to enable.
         Digit 7: Hands free (VSP) auto mute, 1 to enable (mutes outgoing hands
                  free audio until the MUTE key is pressed).
         Digit 8: Min mark, 0 or 1.

     2.  (step 10 above, suggested entry is: 00000100)

         Digits 1 - 4: Not used in USA, enter 0.
         Digit 5: Single system scan, 1 to enable (scan A or B system only,
                  determined by bit 2 of step 02. Set to "0" to allow user the
         Digit 6: Super speed dial, 1 to enable (pressing N, or NN SND will 
                  dial the number stored in memory location NN).
         Digit 7: User selectable service level, 0 to enable (allows user to 
                  set long distance/memory access dialing restrictions).
         Digit 8: Lock function, 0 to enable (allows user to lock/un-lock the
                  phone, if this is set to 1 the phone can not be locked).

     3.  (step 11 above, suggested entry is: 00000000)

         Digit 1: Handset programing, 0 to enable (allows access to programing
                  mode without having to enter test mode).
         Digit 2: Second phone number (not all phones), 1 to enable.
         Digit 3: Call timer access, 0 to enable.
         Digit 4: Auto system busy redial, 0 to enable.
         Digit 5: Speaker disable, 1 to enable (use with select VSP units only,
                  do not use with 2000 series mobiles).
         Digit 6: IMTS/Cellular, 1 to enable (rarely used).
         Digit 7: User selectable system registration, 0 to enable.
         Digit 8: Dual antennae (diversity), 1 to enable.

     4.  (step 16 above, suggested entry is: 0011010 for portable and 0011011
         for mobile units)

         Digit 1: Not used, 0 only.
         Digit 2: Not used, 0 only
         Digit 3: Continuous DTMF, 1 to enable (software version 8735 and later)
         Digit 4: 8 hour time-out, 0 to enable (software version 8735 and later)
         Digit 5: Not used, 0 only.
         Digit 6: Failed page indicator, 0 to enable (phone beeps when an
             incoming call is detected but signal conditions prevent
             completion of the call).
         Digit 7: Portable scan, 0 for portable, 1 for mobile units.

56#  no function

57x# Call Processing Mode   
                   x=0, AMPS
                   x=1, NAMPS
                   x=2-4, RESERVED 
                   x=5, TDMA signalling
                   x=6, TDMA signalling with loopback before decoding
                   x=7, TDMA signalling with loopback voice after decoding
                   x=8, TDMA signalling with loopback FACCH after decoding
                   x=9, TDMA forced synchronization

58#  Compander On (Audio compressor and expander) (See 39#)

59#  Compander Off (Audio compressor and expander) (See 38#)

60#  no function

61#  ESN Transfer (For Series I D.M.T./Mini TAC only)

62#  Turn On Ringer Audio Path

63#  Turn Off Ringer Audio Path

64#-65#  no function

66#  Identity Transfer (Series II Tranceivers and some Current Shipping Portables)

67#  no function

68#  Diaplay FLEX and Model Information

69#  Used with Identity Transfer

70#  Abbreviated field transmitter audio deviation command, for tranceivers
     with FCC ID ABZ89FT5668.

71#  Abbreviated field power adjustment command, for tranceivers with FCC ID

72#  Field audio phasing commands.

73#  Field power adjustment command.

74#-99# no function

Notes:  There are several numbers that say "no function" next to their entry.
        In the technical manual, those numbers APPEAR to have no function.  It 
        is very possible that they DO IN FACT have a function.  As far as I 
        know, using the information provided by the technical manual, I know 
        of no functions for these numbers.  But at the top you'll notice in the 
        disclaimer that NOT ALL FUNCTIONS ARE LISTED HERE.  That leaves open the 
        possibility of others.  Try these numbers and you may get lucky (or you 
        may wipe some vital information...who knows?).  I am in fact almost 
        certain that it is possible to change the ESN via the handset.  It is 
        just a matter of finding the correct combination of commands.  You can 
        bet that won't be easy, but it can't stay a secret forever though!

                             CHECK OUT 37#.  

Note:  This is NOT my hack.  Thanks to [email protected] for this addition.

                   HACKING THE FOVC

Problem:  When listening to something interesting (a conversation),
just when that sexy sounding horny broad begins to give her
phone number to some lucky guy, HANDOFF!!! then static... DAMN!
Trick:    Hack the FOVC.
    a quick definition:  FOVC  = FOward Voice Channel
                         FOCC  = FOward Control Channel
                         REVC  = REverse Voice Channel
                         RECC  = REverse Control Channel
As the phone travels through cells, the FOVC is where the tower tells
the phone to adjust power levels for the current cell or to change to
a new channel for use in the new cell. This info can be hacked apart.
So. When you've found a good conversation, don't be lazy! Enter 40#!
This makes the phone listen for commands on the voice channel
(embedded in the audio portion- you can hear it as a "bump" sound). It
will just sit there and the display will read '40' , but the
conversation will still be audible.  Now when the phone receives a
FOVC command (a 40 bit sequence) data will flow across the display, in
hex format, and stop. Listen to the phone, if the conversation is
still there, then the command was only to adjust power levels. If the
conversation is gone, then its a handoff. If you only got a power
adjustment command just press # or clr,  which ever gets you back to
the ' prompt. Enter 40# and keep listening. You can also use the # key
to cancel the 40# command, if you want to change channels or something.
If it was a handoff, its time for some quick math. You have to convert
some of the numbers to binary, and then to decimal. I don't know how
many characters your phone's display will show. Mine only shows the
last seven of the ten hex digits. Count left from the end 6 digits.
Write down that digit and the next two on a piece of paper, ie:
    ???j16djjj    j=junk numbers  (hex numbers range from 0-9,a-f)
       / \
      these are lost due to scrolling
       write down  16d then convert it to a binary string:
       1 = 0001
       6 = 0110
       d = 1101    (d=13)
       now you have a binary string like this:  000101101101
       throw away the first 2 bits and get:       0101101101
       convert this to decimal and get:                  365
365 is the new channel the conversation has moved to! Enter 110365#
and voila! You too, can hear the horny babe's phone number!
Don't forget to enter 40# again, as the call may be moving quickly
through cells ( small cells or freeway driving ) or the call can get
bounced around by the tower for cell traffic purposes.
Here's one more example of the hex>binary>decimal conversion.
        5  =  0101
        a  =  1010
        e  =  1110
        full string        = 010110101110
        truncate 2 msb     =   0110101110
        convert to decimal =          430


||                                                                          ||
||           Assembling a _QUALITY_ Motorola Flip programming cable         ||
||                    from a standard battery eliminator.                   ||
||                                                                          ||
||                 Written by KG/Control Team/Umf 02/07/94                  ||
||                                                                          ||

     Word.  It seems that alot of bad cables are being sold by some lame asses
here on the west coast.  The result, alot of _rare_ LO phonez are being fried.
Welp,  this  file should clear things up.   Even if you've never made anything
but clay pots this should be easy for ya.  Take your time and this, along with
your phone will last a lifetime...

                      Parts:  (1) 550 Battery Eliminator
                              (2) IN4001 Diodes
                              (1) Head pins(single row straight stick headers)
                              (1) DB25/RS232 Connector for connection to LPT1
                              (1) METAL DB25 cover/protector
                              (1) 1 1/2 foot of 5 line ribbon
                              (1) jumper wire (be creative)

                      Tools:  Sizzors (I like sizzors for splicing wires)
                              Soldering Iron
                              Hot glue gun (borrow mom's)
                              Exacto knife (optional)
                              DMM w/continuity

     I'll try and be as  verbose as possible.   All  references to the plastic
part that connects the phone  to the cable will be known here as the  ADAPTER.
The hardest  thing to  find, at  least in  where I am, is a battery eliminator
that has all  8 pins on the  ADAPTER.   So if ya do have a cable  with all the
pins you can  skip this  paragraph.    What I did was to go  ahead  and  shell
out the 35 duckets for a battery  eliminator that only had pin's 7 & 8 (power)
on the ADAPTER.   Go to you  local electronix  shop and pick up a pack of head
pins. These  puppies are the EXACT same thing as what's in the ADAPTER,  'cept
their nickel instead of copper.  Cut 4 of them off the plastic but be carefull
not to bend them when you do so.

     Carefully pry off the  cover of the  ADAPTER  and use the exacto knife to
get the pins  and attatched  wires out of the  cover.   Otherwise  you'll  end
up  melting the  cover,  and trashing  the project.  Now  de-solder the  wires
connected to pins 7 & 8, wrap then with 2 of the ribbon's leads then re-solder
them  back to the  same pins.   Once  again,  be  carefull  not to  bend them.
Now  solder the other  4  ribbon lead to the pins 1, 4-6.   Now  carefully put
each  pin  back into the  ADAPTER cover,  if some of the holes are filled with
resin (batt eliminator),  simply push an  _extra_  bridge pin thru to get that
shit out!  Make a note of their colors, then take the  DMM and and go over all
the connections, making sure that no pin one pin on  the  ADAPTER is _touching
another:  1-4, 2-8, 4-6 ect...   * note that  pins 7 & 8 will show values from
due to the voltage regulator inside the ciggy plug.

    Fire up that hot  glue gun and  place some on the cover to make sure those
pins/ wires / solder don't move around  when ya put the ADAPTER back together.
Don't put too much on or you wont be able to close it.   Wait a min or 2 until
that dries, then throw some glue into the ADAPTER and quickly close it up.

    As for the DB25 you shouldn't have any trouble.  Just make sure you solder
the Diode to the wire before soldering it the the port.  Remember parallel pin
specs are not the same as serial!!

    The  following is a diagram of a  DB25 connector (soldering side). The "*"
marks the plain  wires,  "@" marks placement of the diodes,  and the "+" marks
where the jumper connects to the anode side of diode one:

              13  12  11  10   9   8   7   6   5   4   3   2   1
               *   *   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   @   .   @   *

                 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   *   .   .   .   .
                25  24  23  22  21  20  19  18  17  16  15  14

    Connect the cathode(black striped) side of the IN4001 to the port!!!!

                        Cathode              Anode
                        -------   |    /     -----
                                  |   /|
                                  |  / |
         LPT1/pin4 or 2   ________| /__|_________    ADAPTER pin 1
                                  | \  |             or Jumper wire
                                  |  \ |
                                  |   \|
                                  |    \

                                                   (educational innit?)

                              / !THE SHIT! \
                             /              \
+                                                                            +
+                                                                            +
+ DB25        FLIP                                  Battery Eliminator cable +
+ ----        ----                                  attatchment pins up:     +
+   1(--------)4                                                             +
+                                                     --------=              +
+   2(--|<----)Jump this line to the Center                1  =              +
+              Pin on the back of phone.              --------=              +
+                                                             =              +
+   4(--|<----)1   "|<" is the IN4001 diode.          --------=              +
+                                                             =              +
+  12(--------)5                                      --------=              +
+                                                          4  =  -->To phone +
+  13(--------)6                                      --------=              +
+                                                          5  =              +
+  18(-+------)8                                      --------=              +
+      |                                                   6  =              +
+      |    +-)7                                      --------=              +
+      |    |                                              7* =              +
+      |    |                                         --------=              +
+      |    |                                              8* =              +
+     NeG  PoS ---Cig adapter                         --------=              +
+                                                                            +
+                                                                            +

     This cable  will work with the 6.6, 9.11 & 9.9 software.  This means that
without  a) AMPS  or  b) The Trick Clip  you'll need to find a Flip that has a
firmware  revision  equal to or below 9122.   A good  sign  that the  phone is
indeed a LO, is to check the ESN located on the  back and  look for any prefix
below A2A.   If  you can't locate the  ESN sticker, usually cause it's stolen,
then look  for a MCsquared printed along with the menu sticker.   If the phone
has the MC2 don't buy it.   If the phone doesn't  have the menu  sticker don't
buy it!  Also before you fork over the $$$ make sure that all the ports on the
phone are in good condition.

     Some people may experience  problems with 486 machines.  I'm looking into
slowing the shit down in order for the phone to respond.  One way is to divide
your  BIOS bus clock by 6,  another is to load a  TSR that actually slows your
CPU,  although I haven't yet  found this to work for me.   286-386  processors
work fine.  Short cables are a must!


From: [email protected]
Date: Thu, 20 Oct 1994 09:53:54 GMT

I just thought I would lend a little help to those of you that may try and 
actually USE this schematic.  While _close_ to the actual pinouts... this
diagram will not work.

I have included corrections for the FLIP and the BRICK below, with 
the word [LOCKE] next to my corrections.  Sorry if I confuse anyone.

Anyway, I hope this helps, you CANNOT program the phones without
twisting/connecting the additional 19 & 20 DB25 connections.

Motorol Transciever,s
Female 25 Pin                                Male 25 Pin
D-Connector                                  D-connector
To transciever                               To P.C.Parallel Port
          Pin                                     Pin
          1._____________________________________  4.
          2._____________________________________ 18.
                                     ___10k______ 13.
  ______4+5._______________________/____10K______ 12.
 |       12.____________________________________/
 |       11._____________________________________ 13.
 |       18._____________________________________  1.
 |       21._____________________________________  2.
 |    ___14+17+20+23.____________________________ 18.
 |    |
 |    |___ -ve
 |________ +ve 9 Volt

> Motorola 8500x 8800x(early type)
> ________________________________
> 25 Pin D-plug(P.C.lpt1)           Phone Back(battery removed)
> Pin          Diode,s         []    []    []      []    []    []
>  3.--orange-|<1n4001---------------------/       /           / 
>  4.--blue---|<1n4001----------------------------/           / 
>  2.--red----|<1n4001---------------------------------------/

  [LOCKE]    ------19, 20  (all tied together & connected to 18)
             | | 
>            | |               []    []    []     []     []    []
> 18.--black-------------------/     /            /      /
> 13.--yellow-----------------------/            /      /
> 12.--brown------------------------------------/      /
>  1.--grey-------------------------------------------/
>                              []                              [] 
>                          -8 to -12V.                     +8 to =12V.
> NOTE Diode protocol: Kathode---|<diode---Anode

> Motorola 9800x Personal tac1 etc.
> 25 pin D-plug(P.C. LPT1)                     Phone Back(battery removed)
> Pin            Diode,s             Battery terminals--> [] [] []
>                                                            |
>  2.--black----|<1n4001-------------------------------------|
>                                                             \
>                                                              \black fly lead
>                              Data plug---> |    |    |    |    |    |
   |    |
>                                            |    |    |    |    |    |
   |    |
> [LOCKE]  ----- 19, 20                    white  /   blue  /  yellow     red
>          | |                              /    /    /  green  /         /
>          | |                             /    /    /    /    /         /
> 18.--white----Neg 8-12V-----------------/    /    /    /    /         /
   [LOCKE] the POSITIVE connection goes
           here (below) it does not connect
           to ANY of the DBxx cable wires.
                               | (+12v)
>              +8 to +12V---------------------/    /    /    /         /
> 13.--blue---------------------------------------/    /    /         /
> 12.--green------------------------------------------/    /         /
>  1.--yellow---------------------------------------------/         /
>  4.--red------|<1n4001-------------------------------------------/
> NOTE Diode protocol: Kathode---|<diode---Anode

______                           __                             __
                                 ||                             ||
 25 Pin D-Plug(LPT1)             ||                             ||
____________________             ||                             ||
                                 ||                             ||
Pin                             _||__________         __________||__                       |           |         |            |
  6.-|<1n4148------             | phone     /          \  phone    |
  8.-|<1n4148--   |             |          /            \          |
              |   |             |          |            |          |
              |   |      back-->|          |<---front-->|          |<--back
 10.-----------   |             |          |            |          |
 13.-----------------red        |          \            /          |
 15.------blue                    | | | |                 | | | |
 18.------black                       |                     / |  \
                                      |                    /  |   \
                                    black             blue/ green  \red 

Diodes = 1N4148

NOTE Diode protocol: Kathode---|<diode---Anode
NEC 11A transciever

**NOTE-A car kit power loom is required to power phone, also a handset 
is required, and is plugged into the female end of the gender change plug.

**NOTE-The gender change plug is a male 15 pin D plug soldered back to back
back with a female 15 pin D socket. Male end interfaces transceiver, female
end interfaces the handset.

 25 Pin D-Plug(LPT1)                       15 Pin D-Gender changer
____________________                       _______________________
 Pin                                        Pin
  1.------green----------------------------- 13. green
  8.-|<1n4148--   | 
              |   | 
 10.-----------   | 
 13.------red--------------------------------12. red
 15.------blue-------------------------------14. blue
 18.------black-------------------------------2. black
    \-----black------------------------------11. black
Power supply 12V dc. Power up using handset BEFORE interfacing computer LPT1.
NOTE Diode protocol: Kathode---|<diode---Anode

25 Pin D-plug LPT1.                         Plug on end of curly cord.
___________________                         __________________________

Pin 25.--------------------black--------------------------------------|
Pin 15.--------------------red-------------------------------------|  |
Pin  6.---|<In4148--|                                              |  |
Pin 13.-------------|------white--------------------------------|  |  |
                                                  ||   [] [] [] [] [] []
                         view into plug:aerial---><>
Pin  3.---|<1N4148---|                            ||   [] [] [] [] [] []
Pin 12.--------------|-----brown--------------------------------|

NOTE Diode protocol: Kathode---|<diode---Anode
  NEC P4

  25 Pin D-plug LPT1.   Transistors 2N3904 npn   NAM Adaptor Plug   
  ___________________   ______________________   __________________

  Pin 15.-----C-\------green----------------------------------------|
                 \                                                  |
  Pin  2.-10K-B---O                                                 |
                 /                                                  |
  Pin 19.-----E-/------blue-----------------------------|           |
  Pin 19.-----E-\                                       |           |
                 \                                      |           |
  Pin  4.-10K-B---O                                     |           |
                 /                                      |           |
  Pin 12.-----C-/---|--yellow                           |           |
                    |                                   |           |
                    |                                   |           |
                    |   NAM Adaptor plug: aerial ---><> [] [] [] [] [] [] [] []
                    |                                            |      |
  Pin 13.----red---(|)-------------------------------------------|      |
                    |                                                   |
Panasonic D,E,F 
  Build the Maplins 'RS232 to TTL conversion board 'MAX232(Order Code
LM75S)to    specification, except do not include resistor R5.
Switches SW-1 must be in the  OFF position.

--------------------------Press any Key to continue---------------------------
 9 PIN SERIAL D-PLUG                                  Interface PL2 on MAX232
Pin 8.----------------|--IN4148>|----\
Pin 7.----------------|               \___________________ 1.Pin
Pin 4.----------------|--IN4148>|----/
Pin 6.----------------|
Pin 3.-----------------------------------------------------7.Pin
Pin 2.-----------------------------------------------------6.Pin
Pin 5.-----------------------------------------------------8.Pin
 PL1.on MAX232----------'F'Lead------------'D'Lead-----------'E'Lead
 Pin 2+6                 pin 1.             pin 6.            pin 5.       
 Pin 5                   pin 6.             pin 5.            pin 1.
 Pin 7.                  pin 2.             pin 4.            Link to program
                                                          ___ Pin/Power lead 
 Pin 8.                  pin 8.           aerial brade  /     Pin 8.         
                                                       /       /////          
                        1 3 5 7             2  4  6   /1_______|  |_________12
                        [][][][]            [] [] []  [][][][][][][][][][][][]
   View of Plugs-->   <>                 <>           |______________________|
                        [][][][]            [] [] []       |_________________|
                        2 4 6 8             1  3  5
Diode Protocol: Anode---diode>|--Kadthode


             INCORRECTLY.  Whether these specs are good or bad is news to me.
             So if someone could e-mail me to let me know one way or another I
             would be REALLY obliged.  The reason I have never tried these is
             because I HAVE NO DAMN SOFTWARE to use them with.  Someone 
             UUENCODE a copy of the newest Motorola software to me (unless it 
             is that crap floating around that only changes shit you could do
             with the above commands.  ESN changing software is what I need.)
             Anyone with experience in disassembling Motorola's software
             should e-mail me.  We need to get together.  

        [email protected]
        [email protected]