Mac OS X Server

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Mac OS X Server 1.x is basically the first production release of the Apple Rhapsody project, which is the PowerPC port of OPENSTEP designed to run on the Macintosh. The OS X Server operating system does not use the aqua appearance of the later released OS X, nor is it compatible with later OS X software.

Release history

Version Code name Date OS name
Mac OS X Server 1.0 Hera1O9 March 16, 1999 Rhapsody 5.3
Mac OS X Server 1.0.1 Hera1O9 April 15, 1999 Rhapsody 5.4
Mac OS X Server 1.0.2 Hera1O9+Loki2G1 July 29, 1999 Rhapsody 5.5
Mac OS X Server 1.2 Pele1Q10 January 14, 2000 Rhapsody 5.6
Mac OS X Server 1.2 v3 Medusa1E3 October 27, 2000 Rhapsody 5.6

The 1.0.2 version is incorrectly referenced as 1.1 in some places.


  • No FireWire
  • Only supports built-in video cards, or Apple-supplied video cards
  • No DVD-RAM support
  • No software RAID
  • Devices can only be detected on one USB port at a time


This will cover some notes about installing the OS X Server operating system.


Beige G3 systems as well as the blue & white G3 tower and G4 towers should run OS X Server without issue. You must also ensure the hard drive size being used for the OS X Server boot volume is no larger than 8GB. If you pre-partition a larger drive giving the first 8GB as OS X Server, this may work for you.

64MB RAM is the minimum but 128MB or higher is recommended.

Error: Desktop folder on the startup disk could not be created

This error is displayed when performing the initial OS 9 side booting of the install media and you're using a badly created CD image. The error blocks the boot process before the Finder is available. The "Pele1Q10" image found at the Winworld site and other archives is confirmed to boot properly.

Old World G3 can't boot OS X after PRAM battery failure

If you install Mac OS X Server on an Old World ROM based Macintosh without a working PRAM battery, the boot settings pointing to the UFS volume will be lost if power is removed from the system. You must either enter Open Firmware and manually point to the mach_kernel boot file or boot from the OS X Server installer CD and using the System Disk utility to select your existing UFS partition.


Change appearance to NeXTStep

You should be able to change the interface appearance back to NeXTStep using "defaults write NSGlobalDomain NSInterfaceStyle NeXTStep" in the terminal. If that doesn't work, try replacing "defaults write" with "dwrite".


External Resources

See Also